The effect of self-efficacy on quality of life and psychological stress responses in heart failure patients

S. I. Suzuki, H. Kasanuki, Y. Sakano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of self-efficacy on quality of life and psychological stress responses in heart failure patients. Subjects were 30 (17 males and 13 females) heart failure patients and 30 (17 males and 13 females) matched non-clinical adults. Results of comparison of self-efficacy and psychological stress responses between heart failure patients and non-clinical adults revealed that heart failure patients felt lower self-efficacy and higher helplessness than non-clinical adults. Results of investigation of the relationship among NYHA classification of cardiac functioning, quality of life, and psychological stress responses suggested that quality of life and psychological stress responses were not associated with symptoms of cardiac functioning. Furthermore, the results of investigation of the effect of self-efficacy on quality of life and psychological stress responses revealed that patients whose 'Positiveness in behavior' score and 'Social locus of ability' score were high and 'Anxiety concerning failure' score was low felt high quality of life and low psychological stress responses. Finally, the effectiveness of self-efficacy on improving the quality of life and alleviating psychological stress responses in heart failure patient in clinical settings were discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)259-265
Number of pages7
JournalJapanese Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine
Volume39
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1999 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Heart failure patients
  • Psychological stress responses
  • Quality of life
  • Self-efficacy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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