The effects of subsurface structure on the concentration of structural damage in town of Anamizu during the 2007 Noto-hanto Earthquake

Ryo Shimizu, Toshiro Maeda

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    1 Citation (Scopus)

    Abstract

    During the 2007 Noto-hanto Earthquake, the town of Anamizu experienced severe damage, though the town is located about 20 km away from the epicenter. More than 70 of wooden houses were completely collapsed in the area of 500m square and the damage was remarkably concentrated in the zone of 100 m square. We measured micro-tremor at more than fifty locations and found that the area with collapsed houses has predominant frequency between 1.1 Hz and 3.0 Hz and the concentrated damage zone has about 2.0 Hz. Two layered irregular subsurface model was constructed by simulating H/V spectrum peak frequencies with frequency dependence of the particle motion of Rayleigh wave fundamental mode. The concentrated damage zone seems to lay on thick soft layer of 12 m to 15 m surrounded by shallower bedrock with thinner surface layers; the zone seems to locate at the mouth of a bay of about 200 m wide. The two dimensional FEM model with Ricker wave incidence reveals the constructive interference of reverberation and the Rayleigh waves. The ground motion during the main shock was evaluated by the 2-D FEM equivalent linear analysis with simulated incident waves and soil non-linearity of surface layers, which reveals about 10 % increase of response spectrum around 1 Hz.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)269-277
    Number of pages9
    JournalJournal of Structural and Construction Engineering
    Volume75
    Issue number648
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2010 Feb

    Fingerprint

    Rayleigh waves
    Earthquakes
    Finite element method
    Reverberation
    Soils

    Keywords

    • Micro-tremor H/V spectrum
    • Noto-hamo earthquake
    • Subsurface structure
    • Topography

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Building and Construction
    • Architecture

    Cite this

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    abstract = "During the 2007 Noto-hanto Earthquake, the town of Anamizu experienced severe damage, though the town is located about 20 km away from the epicenter. More than 70 of wooden houses were completely collapsed in the area of 500m square and the damage was remarkably concentrated in the zone of 100 m square. We measured micro-tremor at more than fifty locations and found that the area with collapsed houses has predominant frequency between 1.1 Hz and 3.0 Hz and the concentrated damage zone has about 2.0 Hz. Two layered irregular subsurface model was constructed by simulating H/V spectrum peak frequencies with frequency dependence of the particle motion of Rayleigh wave fundamental mode. The concentrated damage zone seems to lay on thick soft layer of 12 m to 15 m surrounded by shallower bedrock with thinner surface layers; the zone seems to locate at the mouth of a bay of about 200 m wide. The two dimensional FEM model with Ricker wave incidence reveals the constructive interference of reverberation and the Rayleigh waves. The ground motion during the main shock was evaluated by the 2-D FEM equivalent linear analysis with simulated incident waves and soil non-linearity of surface layers, which reveals about 10 {\%} increase of response spectrum around 1 Hz.",
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