THE EVOLUTION and IMPACTS of MAGNETOROTATIONAL INSTABILITY in MAGNETIZED CORE-COLLAPSE SUPERNOVAE

Hidetomo Sawai, Shoichi Yamada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We carried out two-dimensional axisymmetric MHD simulations of core-collapse supernovae for rapidly rotating magnetized progenitors. By changing both the strength of the magnetic field and the spatial resolution, the evolution of the magnetorotational instability (MRI) and its impacts upon the dynamics are investigated. We found that the MRI greatly amplifies the seed magnetic fields in the regime where the buoyant mode, not the Alfvé n mode, plays a primary role in the exponential growth phase. The MRI indeed has a powerful impact on the supernova dynamics. It makes the shock expansion faster and the explosion more energetic, with some models being accompanied by the collimated jet formations. These effects, however, are not made by the magnetic pressure except for the collimated jet formations. The angular momentum transfer induced by the MRI causes the expansion of the heating region, by which the accreting matter gain additional time to be heated by neutrinos. The MRI also drifts low-Yp matter from deep inside of the core to the heating region, which makes the net neutrino heating rate larger by the reduction of the cooling due to the electron capture. These two effects enhance the efficiency of the neutrino heating, which is found to be the key to boosting the explosion. Indeed, we found that our models explode far more weakly when the net neutrino heating is switched off. The contribution of the neutrino heating to the explosion energy could reach 60% even in the case of strongest magnetic field in the current simulations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number153
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume817
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Feb 1

Keywords

  • instabilities
  • magnetohydrodynamics (MHD)
  • methods: numerical
  • stars: magnetars
  • supernovae: general

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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