THE FIRST FERMI LAT SUPERNOVA REMNANT CATALOG

F. Acero, M. Ackermann, M. Ajello, L. Baldini, J. Ballet, G. Barbiellini, D. Bastieri, R. Bellazzini, E. Bissaldi, R. D. Blandford, E. D. Bloom, R. Bonino, E. Bottacini, T. J. Brandt, J. Bregeon, P. Bruel, R. Buehler, S. Buson, G. A. Caliandro, R. A. Cameron & 141 others R. Caputo, M. Caragiulo, P. A. Caraveo, J. M. Casandjian, E. Cavazzuti, C. Cecchi, A. Chekhtman, J. Chiang, G. Chiaro, S. Ciprini, R. Claus, J. M. Cohen, J. Cohen-Tanugi, L. R. Cominsky, B. Condon, J. Conrad, S. Cutini, F. D'Ammando, A. De Angelis, F. De Palma, R. Desiante, S. W. Digel, L. Di Venere, P. S. Drell, A. Drlica-Wagner, C. Favuzzi, E. C. Ferrara, A. Franckowiak, Y. Fukazawa, S. Funk, P. Fusco, F. Gargano, D. Gasparrini, N. Giglietto, P. Giommi, F. Giordano, M. Giroletti, T. Glanzman, G. Godfrey, G. A. Gomez-Vargas, I. A. Grenier, M. H. Grondin, L. Guillemot, S. Guiriec, M. Gustafsson, D. Hadasch, A. K. Harding, M. Hayashida, E. Hays, J. W. Hewitt, A. B. Hill, D. Horan, X. Hou, G. Iafrate, T. Jogler, G. Jóhannesson, A. S. Johnson, T. Kamae, H. Katagiri, Jun Kataoka, J. Katsuta, M. Kerr, J. Knödlseder, D. Kocevski, M. Kuss, H. Laffon, J. Lande, S. Larsson, L. Latronico, M. Lemoine-Goumard, J. Li, L. Li, F. Longo, F. Loparco, M. N. Lovellette, P. Lubrano, J. Magill, S. Maldera, M. Marelli, M. Mayer, M. N. Mazziotta, P. F. Michelson, W. Mitthumsiri, T. Mizuno, A. A. Moiseev, M. E. Monzani, E. Moretti, A. Morselli, I. V. Moskalenko, S. Murgia, R. Nemmen, E. Nuss, T. Ohsugi, N. Omodei, M. Orienti, E. Orlando, J. F. Ormes, D. Paneque, J. S. Perkins, M. Pesce-Rollins, V. Petrosian, F. Piron, G. Pivato, T. A. Porter, S. Rainò, R. Rando, M. Razzano, S. Razzaque, A. Reimer, O. Reimer, M. Renaud, T. Reposeur, R. Rousseau, P. M Saz Parkinson, J. Schmid, A. Schulz, C. Sgrò, E. J. Siskind, F. Spada, G. Spandre, P. Spinelli, A. W. Strong, D. J. Suson, H. Tajima, H. Takahashi, T. Tanaka, J. B. Thayer, D. J. Thompson, L. Tibaldo, O. Tibolla, D. F. Torres, G. Tosti, E. Troja, Y. Uchiyama, G. Vianello, B. Wells, K. S. Wood, M. Wood, M. Yassine, P. R. Den Hartog, S. Zimmer

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    84 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    To uniformly determine the properties of supernova remnants (SNRs) at high energies, we have developed the first systematic survey at energies from 1 to 100 GeV using data from the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT). Based on the spatial overlap of sources detected at GeV energies with SNRs known from radio surveys, we classify 30 sources as likely GeV SNRs. We also report 14 marginal associations and 245 flux upper limits. A mock catalog in which the positions of known remnants are scrambled in Galactic longitude allows us to determine an upper limit of 22% on the number of GeV candidates falsely identified as SNRs. We have also developed a method to estimate spectral and spatial systematic errors arising from the diffuse interstellar emission model, a key component of all Galactic Fermi LAT analyses. By studying remnants uniformly in aggregate, we measure the GeV properties common to these objects and provide a crucial context for the detailed modeling of individual SNRs. Combining our GeV results with multiwavelength (MW) data, including radio, X-ray, and TeV, we demonstrate the need for improvements to previously sufficient, simple models describing the GeV and radio emission from these objects. We model the GeV and MW emission from SNRs in aggregate to constrain their maximal contribution to observed Galactic cosmic rays.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number8
    JournalAstrophysical Journal, Supplement Series
    Volume224
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016 May 1

    Fingerprint

    supernova remnants
    catalogs
    telescopes
    radio
    energy
    common property resource
    cosmic ray
    radio emission
    longitude
    systematic errors
    modeling
    estimates
    x rays

    Keywords

    • acceleration of particles
    • catalogs
    • cosmic rays
    • gamma-rays: ISM
    • ISM: supernova remnants
    • radiation mechanisms: nonthermal

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Astronomy and Astrophysics
    • Space and Planetary Science

    Cite this

    Acero, F., Ackermann, M., Ajello, M., Baldini, L., Ballet, J., Barbiellini, G., ... Zimmer, S. (2016). THE FIRST FERMI LAT SUPERNOVA REMNANT CATALOG. Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series, 224(1), [8]. https://doi.org/10.3847/0067-0049/224/1/8

    THE FIRST FERMI LAT SUPERNOVA REMNANT CATALOG. / Acero, F.; Ackermann, M.; Ajello, M.; Baldini, L.; Ballet, J.; Barbiellini, G.; Bastieri, D.; Bellazzini, R.; Bissaldi, E.; Blandford, R. D.; Bloom, E. D.; Bonino, R.; Bottacini, E.; Brandt, T. J.; Bregeon, J.; Bruel, P.; Buehler, R.; Buson, S.; Caliandro, G. A.; Cameron, R. A.; Caputo, R.; Caragiulo, M.; Caraveo, P. A.; Casandjian, J. M.; Cavazzuti, E.; Cecchi, C.; Chekhtman, A.; Chiang, J.; Chiaro, G.; Ciprini, S.; Claus, R.; Cohen, J. M.; Cohen-Tanugi, J.; Cominsky, L. R.; Condon, B.; Conrad, J.; Cutini, S.; D'Ammando, F.; Angelis, A. De; Palma, F. De; Desiante, R.; Digel, S. W.; Venere, L. Di; Drell, P. S.; Drlica-Wagner, A.; Favuzzi, C.; Ferrara, E. C.; Franckowiak, A.; Fukazawa, Y.; Funk, S.; Fusco, P.; Gargano, F.; Gasparrini, D.; Giglietto, N.; Giommi, P.; Giordano, F.; Giroletti, M.; Glanzman, T.; Godfrey, G.; Gomez-Vargas, G. A.; Grenier, I. A.; Grondin, M. H.; Guillemot, L.; Guiriec, S.; Gustafsson, M.; Hadasch, D.; Harding, A. K.; Hayashida, M.; Hays, E.; Hewitt, J. W.; Hill, A. B.; Horan, D.; Hou, X.; Iafrate, G.; Jogler, T.; Jóhannesson, G.; Johnson, A. S.; Kamae, T.; Katagiri, H.; Kataoka, Jun; Katsuta, J.; Kerr, M.; Knödlseder, J.; Kocevski, D.; Kuss, M.; Laffon, H.; Lande, J.; Larsson, S.; Latronico, L.; Lemoine-Goumard, M.; Li, J.; Li, L.; Longo, F.; Loparco, F.; Lovellette, M. N.; Lubrano, P.; Magill, J.; Maldera, S.; Marelli, M.; Mayer, M.; Mazziotta, M. N.; Michelson, P. F.; Mitthumsiri, W.; Mizuno, T.; Moiseev, A. A.; Monzani, M. E.; Moretti, E.; Morselli, A.; Moskalenko, I. V.; Murgia, S.; Nemmen, R.; Nuss, E.; Ohsugi, T.; Omodei, N.; Orienti, M.; Orlando, E.; Ormes, J. F.; Paneque, D.; Perkins, J. S.; Pesce-Rollins, M.; Petrosian, V.; Piron, F.; Pivato, G.; Porter, T. A.; Rainò, S.; Rando, R.; Razzano, M.; Razzaque, S.; Reimer, A.; Reimer, O.; Renaud, M.; Reposeur, T.; Rousseau, R.; Parkinson, P. M Saz; Schmid, J.; Schulz, A.; Sgrò, C.; Siskind, E. J.; Spada, F.; Spandre, G.; Spinelli, P.; Strong, A. W.; Suson, D. J.; Tajima, H.; Takahashi, H.; Tanaka, T.; Thayer, J. B.; Thompson, D. J.; Tibaldo, L.; Tibolla, O.; Torres, D. F.; Tosti, G.; Troja, E.; Uchiyama, Y.; Vianello, G.; Wells, B.; Wood, K. S.; Wood, M.; Yassine, M.; Den Hartog, P. R.; Zimmer, S.

    In: Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series, Vol. 224, No. 1, 8, 01.05.2016.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Acero, F, Ackermann, M, Ajello, M, Baldini, L, Ballet, J, Barbiellini, G, Bastieri, D, Bellazzini, R, Bissaldi, E, Blandford, RD, Bloom, ED, Bonino, R, Bottacini, E, Brandt, TJ, Bregeon, J, Bruel, P, Buehler, R, Buson, S, Caliandro, GA, Cameron, RA, Caputo, R, Caragiulo, M, Caraveo, PA, Casandjian, JM, Cavazzuti, E, Cecchi, C, Chekhtman, A, Chiang, J, Chiaro, G, Ciprini, S, Claus, R, Cohen, JM, Cohen-Tanugi, J, Cominsky, LR, Condon, B, Conrad, J, Cutini, S, D'Ammando, F, Angelis, AD, Palma, FD, Desiante, R, Digel, SW, Venere, LD, Drell, PS, Drlica-Wagner, A, Favuzzi, C, Ferrara, EC, Franckowiak, A, Fukazawa, Y, Funk, S, Fusco, P, Gargano, F, Gasparrini, D, Giglietto, N, Giommi, P, Giordano, F, Giroletti, M, Glanzman, T, Godfrey, G, Gomez-Vargas, GA, Grenier, IA, Grondin, MH, Guillemot, L, Guiriec, S, Gustafsson, M, Hadasch, D, Harding, AK, Hayashida, M, Hays, E, Hewitt, JW, Hill, AB, Horan, D, Hou, X, Iafrate, G, Jogler, T, Jóhannesson, G, Johnson, AS, Kamae, T, Katagiri, H, Kataoka, J, Katsuta, J, Kerr, M, Knödlseder, J, Kocevski, D, Kuss, M, Laffon, H, Lande, J, Larsson, S, Latronico, L, Lemoine-Goumard, M, Li, J, Li, L, Longo, F, Loparco, F, Lovellette, MN, Lubrano, P, Magill, J, Maldera, S, Marelli, M, Mayer, M, Mazziotta, MN, Michelson, PF, Mitthumsiri, W, Mizuno, T, Moiseev, AA, Monzani, ME, Moretti, E, Morselli, A, Moskalenko, IV, Murgia, S, Nemmen, R, Nuss, E, Ohsugi, T, Omodei, N, Orienti, M, Orlando, E, Ormes, JF, Paneque, D, Perkins, JS, Pesce-Rollins, M, Petrosian, V, Piron, F, Pivato, G, Porter, TA, Rainò, S, Rando, R, Razzano, M, Razzaque, S, Reimer, A, Reimer, O, Renaud, M, Reposeur, T, Rousseau, R, Parkinson, PMS, Schmid, J, Schulz, A, Sgrò, C, Siskind, EJ, Spada, F, Spandre, G, Spinelli, P, Strong, AW, Suson, DJ, Tajima, H, Takahashi, H, Tanaka, T, Thayer, JB, Thompson, DJ, Tibaldo, L, Tibolla, O, Torres, DF, Tosti, G, Troja, E, Uchiyama, Y, Vianello, G, Wells, B, Wood, KS, Wood, M, Yassine, M, Den Hartog, PR & Zimmer, S 2016, 'THE FIRST FERMI LAT SUPERNOVA REMNANT CATALOG', Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series, vol. 224, no. 1, 8. https://doi.org/10.3847/0067-0049/224/1/8
    Acero F, Ackermann M, Ajello M, Baldini L, Ballet J, Barbiellini G et al. THE FIRST FERMI LAT SUPERNOVA REMNANT CATALOG. Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series. 2016 May 1;224(1). 8. https://doi.org/10.3847/0067-0049/224/1/8
    Acero, F. ; Ackermann, M. ; Ajello, M. ; Baldini, L. ; Ballet, J. ; Barbiellini, G. ; Bastieri, D. ; Bellazzini, R. ; Bissaldi, E. ; Blandford, R. D. ; Bloom, E. D. ; Bonino, R. ; Bottacini, E. ; Brandt, T. J. ; Bregeon, J. ; Bruel, P. ; Buehler, R. ; Buson, S. ; Caliandro, G. A. ; Cameron, R. A. ; Caputo, R. ; Caragiulo, M. ; Caraveo, P. A. ; Casandjian, J. M. ; Cavazzuti, E. ; Cecchi, C. ; Chekhtman, A. ; Chiang, J. ; Chiaro, G. ; Ciprini, S. ; Claus, R. ; Cohen, J. M. ; Cohen-Tanugi, J. ; Cominsky, L. R. ; Condon, B. ; Conrad, J. ; Cutini, S. ; D'Ammando, F. ; Angelis, A. De ; Palma, F. De ; Desiante, R. ; Digel, S. W. ; Venere, L. Di ; Drell, P. S. ; Drlica-Wagner, A. ; Favuzzi, C. ; Ferrara, E. C. ; Franckowiak, A. ; Fukazawa, Y. ; Funk, S. ; Fusco, P. ; Gargano, F. ; Gasparrini, D. ; Giglietto, N. ; Giommi, P. ; Giordano, F. ; Giroletti, M. ; Glanzman, T. ; Godfrey, G. ; Gomez-Vargas, G. A. ; Grenier, I. A. ; Grondin, M. H. ; Guillemot, L. ; Guiriec, S. ; Gustafsson, M. ; Hadasch, D. ; Harding, A. K. ; Hayashida, M. ; Hays, E. ; Hewitt, J. W. ; Hill, A. B. ; Horan, D. ; Hou, X. ; Iafrate, G. ; Jogler, T. ; Jóhannesson, G. ; Johnson, A. S. ; Kamae, T. ; Katagiri, H. ; Kataoka, Jun ; Katsuta, J. ; Kerr, M. ; Knödlseder, J. ; Kocevski, D. ; Kuss, M. ; Laffon, H. ; Lande, J. ; Larsson, S. ; Latronico, L. ; Lemoine-Goumard, M. ; Li, J. ; Li, L. ; Longo, F. ; Loparco, F. ; Lovellette, M. N. ; Lubrano, P. ; Magill, J. ; Maldera, S. ; Marelli, M. ; Mayer, M. ; Mazziotta, M. N. ; Michelson, P. F. ; Mitthumsiri, W. ; Mizuno, T. ; Moiseev, A. A. ; Monzani, M. E. ; Moretti, E. ; Morselli, A. ; Moskalenko, I. V. ; Murgia, S. ; Nemmen, R. ; Nuss, E. ; Ohsugi, T. ; Omodei, N. ; Orienti, M. ; Orlando, E. ; Ormes, J. F. ; Paneque, D. ; Perkins, J. S. ; Pesce-Rollins, M. ; Petrosian, V. ; Piron, F. ; Pivato, G. ; Porter, T. A. ; Rainò, S. ; Rando, R. ; Razzano, M. ; Razzaque, S. ; Reimer, A. ; Reimer, O. ; Renaud, M. ; Reposeur, T. ; Rousseau, R. ; Parkinson, P. M Saz ; Schmid, J. ; Schulz, A. ; Sgrò, C. ; Siskind, E. J. ; Spada, F. ; Spandre, G. ; Spinelli, P. ; Strong, A. W. ; Suson, D. J. ; Tajima, H. ; Takahashi, H. ; Tanaka, T. ; Thayer, J. B. ; Thompson, D. J. ; Tibaldo, L. ; Tibolla, O. ; Torres, D. F. ; Tosti, G. ; Troja, E. ; Uchiyama, Y. ; Vianello, G. ; Wells, B. ; Wood, K. S. ; Wood, M. ; Yassine, M. ; Den Hartog, P. R. ; Zimmer, S. / THE FIRST FERMI LAT SUPERNOVA REMNANT CATALOG. In: Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series. 2016 ; Vol. 224, No. 1.
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    title = "THE FIRST FERMI LAT SUPERNOVA REMNANT CATALOG",
    abstract = "To uniformly determine the properties of supernova remnants (SNRs) at high energies, we have developed the first systematic survey at energies from 1 to 100 GeV using data from the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT). Based on the spatial overlap of sources detected at GeV energies with SNRs known from radio surveys, we classify 30 sources as likely GeV SNRs. We also report 14 marginal associations and 245 flux upper limits. A mock catalog in which the positions of known remnants are scrambled in Galactic longitude allows us to determine an upper limit of 22{\%} on the number of GeV candidates falsely identified as SNRs. We have also developed a method to estimate spectral and spatial systematic errors arising from the diffuse interstellar emission model, a key component of all Galactic Fermi LAT analyses. By studying remnants uniformly in aggregate, we measure the GeV properties common to these objects and provide a crucial context for the detailed modeling of individual SNRs. Combining our GeV results with multiwavelength (MW) data, including radio, X-ray, and TeV, we demonstrate the need for improvements to previously sufficient, simple models describing the GeV and radio emission from these objects. We model the GeV and MW emission from SNRs in aggregate to constrain their maximal contribution to observed Galactic cosmic rays.",
    keywords = "acceleration of particles, catalogs, cosmic rays, gamma-rays: ISM, ISM: supernova remnants, radiation mechanisms: nonthermal",
    author = "F. Acero and M. Ackermann and M. Ajello and L. Baldini and J. Ballet and G. Barbiellini and D. Bastieri and R. Bellazzini and E. Bissaldi and Blandford, {R. D.} and Bloom, {E. D.} and R. Bonino and E. Bottacini and Brandt, {T. J.} and J. Bregeon and P. Bruel and R. Buehler and S. Buson and Caliandro, {G. A.} and Cameron, {R. A.} and R. Caputo and M. Caragiulo and Caraveo, {P. A.} and Casandjian, {J. M.} and E. Cavazzuti and C. Cecchi and A. Chekhtman and J. Chiang and G. Chiaro and S. Ciprini and R. Claus and Cohen, {J. M.} and J. Cohen-Tanugi and Cominsky, {L. R.} and B. Condon and J. Conrad and S. Cutini and F. D'Ammando and Angelis, {A. De} and Palma, {F. De} and R. Desiante and Digel, {S. W.} and Venere, {L. Di} and Drell, {P. S.} and A. Drlica-Wagner and C. Favuzzi and Ferrara, {E. C.} and A. Franckowiak and Y. Fukazawa and S. Funk and P. Fusco and F. Gargano and D. Gasparrini and N. Giglietto and P. Giommi and F. Giordano and M. Giroletti and T. Glanzman and G. Godfrey and Gomez-Vargas, {G. A.} and Grenier, {I. A.} and Grondin, {M. H.} and L. Guillemot and S. Guiriec and M. Gustafsson and D. Hadasch and Harding, {A. K.} and M. Hayashida and E. Hays and Hewitt, {J. W.} and Hill, {A. B.} and D. Horan and X. Hou and G. Iafrate and T. Jogler and G. J{\'o}hannesson and Johnson, {A. S.} and T. Kamae and H. Katagiri and Jun Kataoka and J. Katsuta and M. Kerr and J. Kn{\"o}dlseder and D. Kocevski and M. Kuss and H. Laffon and J. Lande and S. Larsson and L. Latronico and M. Lemoine-Goumard and J. Li and L. Li and F. Longo and F. Loparco and Lovellette, {M. N.} and P. Lubrano and J. Magill and S. Maldera and M. Marelli and M. Mayer and Mazziotta, {M. N.} and Michelson, {P. F.} and W. Mitthumsiri and T. Mizuno and Moiseev, {A. A.} and Monzani, {M. E.} and E. Moretti and A. Morselli and Moskalenko, {I. V.} and S. Murgia and R. Nemmen and E. Nuss and T. Ohsugi and N. Omodei and M. Orienti and E. Orlando and Ormes, {J. F.} and D. Paneque and Perkins, {J. S.} and M. Pesce-Rollins and V. Petrosian and F. Piron and G. Pivato and Porter, {T. A.} and S. Rain{\`o} and R. Rando and M. Razzano and S. Razzaque and A. Reimer and O. Reimer and M. Renaud and T. Reposeur and R. Rousseau and Parkinson, {P. M Saz} and J. Schmid and A. Schulz and C. Sgr{\`o} and Siskind, {E. J.} and F. Spada and G. Spandre and P. Spinelli and Strong, {A. W.} and Suson, {D. J.} and H. Tajima and H. Takahashi and T. Tanaka and Thayer, {J. B.} and Thompson, {D. J.} and L. Tibaldo and O. Tibolla and Torres, {D. F.} and G. Tosti and E. Troja and Y. Uchiyama and G. Vianello and B. Wells and Wood, {K. S.} and M. Wood and M. Yassine and {Den Hartog}, {P. R.} and S. Zimmer",
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    TY - JOUR

    T1 - THE FIRST FERMI LAT SUPERNOVA REMNANT CATALOG

    AU - Acero, F.

    AU - Ackermann, M.

    AU - Ajello, M.

    AU - Baldini, L.

    AU - Ballet, J.

    AU - Barbiellini, G.

    AU - Bastieri, D.

    AU - Bellazzini, R.

    AU - Bissaldi, E.

    AU - Blandford, R. D.

    AU - Bloom, E. D.

    AU - Bonino, R.

    AU - Bottacini, E.

    AU - Brandt, T. J.

    AU - Bregeon, J.

    AU - Bruel, P.

    AU - Buehler, R.

    AU - Buson, S.

    AU - Caliandro, G. A.

    AU - Cameron, R. A.

    AU - Caputo, R.

    AU - Caragiulo, M.

    AU - Caraveo, P. A.

    AU - Casandjian, J. M.

    AU - Cavazzuti, E.

    AU - Cecchi, C.

    AU - Chekhtman, A.

    AU - Chiang, J.

    AU - Chiaro, G.

    AU - Ciprini, S.

    AU - Claus, R.

    AU - Cohen, J. M.

    AU - Cohen-Tanugi, J.

    AU - Cominsky, L. R.

    AU - Condon, B.

    AU - Conrad, J.

    AU - Cutini, S.

    AU - D'Ammando, F.

    AU - Angelis, A. De

    AU - Palma, F. De

    AU - Desiante, R.

    AU - Digel, S. W.

    AU - Venere, L. Di

    AU - Drell, P. S.

    AU - Drlica-Wagner, A.

    AU - Favuzzi, C.

    AU - Ferrara, E. C.

    AU - Franckowiak, A.

    AU - Fukazawa, Y.

    AU - Funk, S.

    AU - Fusco, P.

    AU - Gargano, F.

    AU - Gasparrini, D.

    AU - Giglietto, N.

    AU - Giommi, P.

    AU - Giordano, F.

    AU - Giroletti, M.

    AU - Glanzman, T.

    AU - Godfrey, G.

    AU - Gomez-Vargas, G. A.

    AU - Grenier, I. A.

    AU - Grondin, M. H.

    AU - Guillemot, L.

    AU - Guiriec, S.

    AU - Gustafsson, M.

    AU - Hadasch, D.

    AU - Harding, A. K.

    AU - Hayashida, M.

    AU - Hays, E.

    AU - Hewitt, J. W.

    AU - Hill, A. B.

    AU - Horan, D.

    AU - Hou, X.

    AU - Iafrate, G.

    AU - Jogler, T.

    AU - Jóhannesson, G.

    AU - Johnson, A. S.

    AU - Kamae, T.

    AU - Katagiri, H.

    AU - Kataoka, Jun

    AU - Katsuta, J.

    AU - Kerr, M.

    AU - Knödlseder, J.

    AU - Kocevski, D.

    AU - Kuss, M.

    AU - Laffon, H.

    AU - Lande, J.

    AU - Larsson, S.

    AU - Latronico, L.

    AU - Lemoine-Goumard, M.

    AU - Li, J.

    AU - Li, L.

    AU - Longo, F.

    AU - Loparco, F.

    AU - Lovellette, M. N.

    AU - Lubrano, P.

    AU - Magill, J.

    AU - Maldera, S.

    AU - Marelli, M.

    AU - Mayer, M.

    AU - Mazziotta, M. N.

    AU - Michelson, P. F.

    AU - Mitthumsiri, W.

    AU - Mizuno, T.

    AU - Moiseev, A. A.

    AU - Monzani, M. E.

    AU - Moretti, E.

    AU - Morselli, A.

    AU - Moskalenko, I. V.

    AU - Murgia, S.

    AU - Nemmen, R.

    AU - Nuss, E.

    AU - Ohsugi, T.

    AU - Omodei, N.

    AU - Orienti, M.

    AU - Orlando, E.

    AU - Ormes, J. F.

    AU - Paneque, D.

    AU - Perkins, J. S.

    AU - Pesce-Rollins, M.

    AU - Petrosian, V.

    AU - Piron, F.

    AU - Pivato, G.

    AU - Porter, T. A.

    AU - Rainò, S.

    AU - Rando, R.

    AU - Razzano, M.

    AU - Razzaque, S.

    AU - Reimer, A.

    AU - Reimer, O.

    AU - Renaud, M.

    AU - Reposeur, T.

    AU - Rousseau, R.

    AU - Parkinson, P. M Saz

    AU - Schmid, J.

    AU - Schulz, A.

    AU - Sgrò, C.

    AU - Siskind, E. J.

    AU - Spada, F.

    AU - Spandre, G.

    AU - Spinelli, P.

    AU - Strong, A. W.

    AU - Suson, D. J.

    AU - Tajima, H.

    AU - Takahashi, H.

    AU - Tanaka, T.

    AU - Thayer, J. B.

    AU - Thompson, D. J.

    AU - Tibaldo, L.

    AU - Tibolla, O.

    AU - Torres, D. F.

    AU - Tosti, G.

    AU - Troja, E.

    AU - Uchiyama, Y.

    AU - Vianello, G.

    AU - Wells, B.

    AU - Wood, K. S.

    AU - Wood, M.

    AU - Yassine, M.

    AU - Den Hartog, P. R.

    AU - Zimmer, S.

    PY - 2016/5/1

    Y1 - 2016/5/1

    N2 - To uniformly determine the properties of supernova remnants (SNRs) at high energies, we have developed the first systematic survey at energies from 1 to 100 GeV using data from the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT). Based on the spatial overlap of sources detected at GeV energies with SNRs known from radio surveys, we classify 30 sources as likely GeV SNRs. We also report 14 marginal associations and 245 flux upper limits. A mock catalog in which the positions of known remnants are scrambled in Galactic longitude allows us to determine an upper limit of 22% on the number of GeV candidates falsely identified as SNRs. We have also developed a method to estimate spectral and spatial systematic errors arising from the diffuse interstellar emission model, a key component of all Galactic Fermi LAT analyses. By studying remnants uniformly in aggregate, we measure the GeV properties common to these objects and provide a crucial context for the detailed modeling of individual SNRs. Combining our GeV results with multiwavelength (MW) data, including radio, X-ray, and TeV, we demonstrate the need for improvements to previously sufficient, simple models describing the GeV and radio emission from these objects. We model the GeV and MW emission from SNRs in aggregate to constrain their maximal contribution to observed Galactic cosmic rays.

    AB - To uniformly determine the properties of supernova remnants (SNRs) at high energies, we have developed the first systematic survey at energies from 1 to 100 GeV using data from the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT). Based on the spatial overlap of sources detected at GeV energies with SNRs known from radio surveys, we classify 30 sources as likely GeV SNRs. We also report 14 marginal associations and 245 flux upper limits. A mock catalog in which the positions of known remnants are scrambled in Galactic longitude allows us to determine an upper limit of 22% on the number of GeV candidates falsely identified as SNRs. We have also developed a method to estimate spectral and spatial systematic errors arising from the diffuse interstellar emission model, a key component of all Galactic Fermi LAT analyses. By studying remnants uniformly in aggregate, we measure the GeV properties common to these objects and provide a crucial context for the detailed modeling of individual SNRs. Combining our GeV results with multiwavelength (MW) data, including radio, X-ray, and TeV, we demonstrate the need for improvements to previously sufficient, simple models describing the GeV and radio emission from these objects. We model the GeV and MW emission from SNRs in aggregate to constrain their maximal contribution to observed Galactic cosmic rays.

    KW - acceleration of particles

    KW - catalogs

    KW - cosmic rays

    KW - gamma-rays: ISM

    KW - ISM: supernova remnants

    KW - radiation mechanisms: nonthermal

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84977648287&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84977648287&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.3847/0067-0049/224/1/8

    DO - 10.3847/0067-0049/224/1/8

    M3 - Article

    VL - 224

    JO - Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series

    JF - Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series

    SN - 0067-0049

    IS - 1

    M1 - 8

    ER -