The functional significance of the skilled performance positivity

An update

Hiroaki Masaki, Lu Xu, Naoya Taima, Timothy I. Murphy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The skilled performance positivity (SPP) emerges approximately 450. ms after button presses in a skilled performance task (SPT) where the participant is required to initiate a visual sweep with a left-hand button press and then stop it with a right-hand button press within a predetermined time frame (ranging from 40 to 60. ms). The SPP has been thought to represent appraisal of performance results independent of the reafferent activity, and reported to reduce in amplitude following inaccurate timing performance. We hypothesized that reduced SPP on incorrect trials merely indicates superimposition of the feedback-related negativity (FRN) that is elicited by negative outcomes, because the right-hand button press not only stops the visual sweep but also presents visual feedback. Further, we assumed that the SPP essentially represents a P300 elicited by the visual feedback. To address these questions, we compared the SPT condition and a delayed-feedback (DFB) condition where feedback was presented approximately 1. s after the left-hand button press. We observed the SPP only in the SPT condition, and found feedback-elicited P300s in the DFB condition. Both of these positivities shared a similar scalp distribution. We also replicated the reduced SPP on incorrect trials that shared a similar topography with the FRN elicited by the negative feedback. According to these findings, it is reasonable to conclude that the SPP represents the feedback-elicited P300, and after incorrect performance an FRN is superimposed on it.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)44-53
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Psychophysiology
Volume98
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Oct 1

Fingerprint

Task Performance and Analysis
Hand
Sensory Feedback
Scalp

Keywords

  • Error-related negativity
  • Feedback-related negativity
  • P300
  • Performance monitoring
  • Skilled performance positivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

Cite this

The functional significance of the skilled performance positivity : An update. / Masaki, Hiroaki; Xu, Lu; Taima, Naoya; Murphy, Timothy I.

In: International Journal of Psychophysiology, Vol. 98, No. 1, 01.10.2015, p. 44-53.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Masaki, Hiroaki ; Xu, Lu ; Taima, Naoya ; Murphy, Timothy I. / The functional significance of the skilled performance positivity : An update. In: International Journal of Psychophysiology. 2015 ; Vol. 98, No. 1. pp. 44-53.
@article{89ed3da0e4fc46f5b50112dd81440227,
title = "The functional significance of the skilled performance positivity: An update",
abstract = "The skilled performance positivity (SPP) emerges approximately 450. ms after button presses in a skilled performance task (SPT) where the participant is required to initiate a visual sweep with a left-hand button press and then stop it with a right-hand button press within a predetermined time frame (ranging from 40 to 60. ms). The SPP has been thought to represent appraisal of performance results independent of the reafferent activity, and reported to reduce in amplitude following inaccurate timing performance. We hypothesized that reduced SPP on incorrect trials merely indicates superimposition of the feedback-related negativity (FRN) that is elicited by negative outcomes, because the right-hand button press not only stops the visual sweep but also presents visual feedback. Further, we assumed that the SPP essentially represents a P300 elicited by the visual feedback. To address these questions, we compared the SPT condition and a delayed-feedback (DFB) condition where feedback was presented approximately 1. s after the left-hand button press. We observed the SPP only in the SPT condition, and found feedback-elicited P300s in the DFB condition. Both of these positivities shared a similar scalp distribution. We also replicated the reduced SPP on incorrect trials that shared a similar topography with the FRN elicited by the negative feedback. According to these findings, it is reasonable to conclude that the SPP represents the feedback-elicited P300, and after incorrect performance an FRN is superimposed on it.",
keywords = "Error-related negativity, Feedback-related negativity, P300, Performance monitoring, Skilled performance positivity",
author = "Hiroaki Masaki and Lu Xu and Naoya Taima and Murphy, {Timothy I.}",
year = "2015",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2015.06.007",
language = "English",
volume = "98",
pages = "44--53",
journal = "International Journal of Psychophysiology",
issn = "0167-8760",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The functional significance of the skilled performance positivity

T2 - An update

AU - Masaki, Hiroaki

AU - Xu, Lu

AU - Taima, Naoya

AU - Murphy, Timothy I.

PY - 2015/10/1

Y1 - 2015/10/1

N2 - The skilled performance positivity (SPP) emerges approximately 450. ms after button presses in a skilled performance task (SPT) where the participant is required to initiate a visual sweep with a left-hand button press and then stop it with a right-hand button press within a predetermined time frame (ranging from 40 to 60. ms). The SPP has been thought to represent appraisal of performance results independent of the reafferent activity, and reported to reduce in amplitude following inaccurate timing performance. We hypothesized that reduced SPP on incorrect trials merely indicates superimposition of the feedback-related negativity (FRN) that is elicited by negative outcomes, because the right-hand button press not only stops the visual sweep but also presents visual feedback. Further, we assumed that the SPP essentially represents a P300 elicited by the visual feedback. To address these questions, we compared the SPT condition and a delayed-feedback (DFB) condition where feedback was presented approximately 1. s after the left-hand button press. We observed the SPP only in the SPT condition, and found feedback-elicited P300s in the DFB condition. Both of these positivities shared a similar scalp distribution. We also replicated the reduced SPP on incorrect trials that shared a similar topography with the FRN elicited by the negative feedback. According to these findings, it is reasonable to conclude that the SPP represents the feedback-elicited P300, and after incorrect performance an FRN is superimposed on it.

AB - The skilled performance positivity (SPP) emerges approximately 450. ms after button presses in a skilled performance task (SPT) where the participant is required to initiate a visual sweep with a left-hand button press and then stop it with a right-hand button press within a predetermined time frame (ranging from 40 to 60. ms). The SPP has been thought to represent appraisal of performance results independent of the reafferent activity, and reported to reduce in amplitude following inaccurate timing performance. We hypothesized that reduced SPP on incorrect trials merely indicates superimposition of the feedback-related negativity (FRN) that is elicited by negative outcomes, because the right-hand button press not only stops the visual sweep but also presents visual feedback. Further, we assumed that the SPP essentially represents a P300 elicited by the visual feedback. To address these questions, we compared the SPT condition and a delayed-feedback (DFB) condition where feedback was presented approximately 1. s after the left-hand button press. We observed the SPP only in the SPT condition, and found feedback-elicited P300s in the DFB condition. Both of these positivities shared a similar scalp distribution. We also replicated the reduced SPP on incorrect trials that shared a similar topography with the FRN elicited by the negative feedback. According to these findings, it is reasonable to conclude that the SPP represents the feedback-elicited P300, and after incorrect performance an FRN is superimposed on it.

KW - Error-related negativity

KW - Feedback-related negativity

KW - P300

KW - Performance monitoring

KW - Skilled performance positivity

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84945450525&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84945450525&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2015.06.007

DO - 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2015.06.007

M3 - Article

VL - 98

SP - 44

EP - 53

JO - International Journal of Psychophysiology

JF - International Journal of Psychophysiology

SN - 0167-8760

IS - 1

ER -