The gene coding for carbamoyl-phosphate synthetase I was formed by fusion of an ancestral glutaminase gene and a synthetase gene

Hiroshi Nyunoya, K. E. Broglie, C. J. Lusty

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Abstract

A near full-length cDNA copy of rat carbamoyl-phosphate synthetase I (EC 6.3.4.16) mRNA has been cloned. The cDNA insert in the recombinant plasmid pHN234 is 5.3 kilobases long. Analysis of the sequence coding for carbamoyl-phosphate synthetase I indicates that the gene has arisen from a fusion of two ancestral genes: one homologous to Escherichia coli carA, coding for a glutaminase subunit, and the second homologous to the carB gene that codes for the synthetase subunit. A short amino acid sequence previously proposed to be part of the active site involved in glutamine amide nitrogen transfer in the E. coli and yeast carbamoyl-phosphate synthetases (EC 6.3.5.5) is also present in the rat enzyme. In the mammalian enzyme, however, the glutaminase domain lacks a cysteine residue previously shown to interact with glutamine. The cysteine is replaced by a serine residue. This substitution could, in part, account for the inability of mammalian carbamoyl-phosphate synthetase I to catalyze the hydrolysis of glutamine to glutamic acid and ammonia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2244-2246
Number of pages3
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume82
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1985
Externally publishedYes

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Carbamoyl-Phosphate Synthase (Ammonia)
Glutaminase
Ligases
Glutamine
Cysteine
Complementary DNA
Carbamyl Phosphate
Escherichia coli
Genes
Enzymes
Ammonia
Amides
Serine
Sequence Analysis
Glutamic Acid
Amino Acid Sequence
Catalytic Domain
Hydrolysis
Plasmids
Nitrogen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

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title = "The gene coding for carbamoyl-phosphate synthetase I was formed by fusion of an ancestral glutaminase gene and a synthetase gene",
abstract = "A near full-length cDNA copy of rat carbamoyl-phosphate synthetase I (EC 6.3.4.16) mRNA has been cloned. The cDNA insert in the recombinant plasmid pHN234 is 5.3 kilobases long. Analysis of the sequence coding for carbamoyl-phosphate synthetase I indicates that the gene has arisen from a fusion of two ancestral genes: one homologous to Escherichia coli carA, coding for a glutaminase subunit, and the second homologous to the carB gene that codes for the synthetase subunit. A short amino acid sequence previously proposed to be part of the active site involved in glutamine amide nitrogen transfer in the E. coli and yeast carbamoyl-phosphate synthetases (EC 6.3.5.5) is also present in the rat enzyme. In the mammalian enzyme, however, the glutaminase domain lacks a cysteine residue previously shown to interact with glutamine. The cysteine is replaced by a serine residue. This substitution could, in part, account for the inability of mammalian carbamoyl-phosphate synthetase I to catalyze the hydrolysis of glutamine to glutamic acid and ammonia.",
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AU - Nyunoya, Hiroshi

AU - Broglie, K. E.

AU - Lusty, C. J.

PY - 1985

Y1 - 1985

N2 - A near full-length cDNA copy of rat carbamoyl-phosphate synthetase I (EC 6.3.4.16) mRNA has been cloned. The cDNA insert in the recombinant plasmid pHN234 is 5.3 kilobases long. Analysis of the sequence coding for carbamoyl-phosphate synthetase I indicates that the gene has arisen from a fusion of two ancestral genes: one homologous to Escherichia coli carA, coding for a glutaminase subunit, and the second homologous to the carB gene that codes for the synthetase subunit. A short amino acid sequence previously proposed to be part of the active site involved in glutamine amide nitrogen transfer in the E. coli and yeast carbamoyl-phosphate synthetases (EC 6.3.5.5) is also present in the rat enzyme. In the mammalian enzyme, however, the glutaminase domain lacks a cysteine residue previously shown to interact with glutamine. The cysteine is replaced by a serine residue. This substitution could, in part, account for the inability of mammalian carbamoyl-phosphate synthetase I to catalyze the hydrolysis of glutamine to glutamic acid and ammonia.

AB - A near full-length cDNA copy of rat carbamoyl-phosphate synthetase I (EC 6.3.4.16) mRNA has been cloned. The cDNA insert in the recombinant plasmid pHN234 is 5.3 kilobases long. Analysis of the sequence coding for carbamoyl-phosphate synthetase I indicates that the gene has arisen from a fusion of two ancestral genes: one homologous to Escherichia coli carA, coding for a glutaminase subunit, and the second homologous to the carB gene that codes for the synthetase subunit. A short amino acid sequence previously proposed to be part of the active site involved in glutamine amide nitrogen transfer in the E. coli and yeast carbamoyl-phosphate synthetases (EC 6.3.5.5) is also present in the rat enzyme. In the mammalian enzyme, however, the glutaminase domain lacks a cysteine residue previously shown to interact with glutamine. The cysteine is replaced by a serine residue. This substitution could, in part, account for the inability of mammalian carbamoyl-phosphate synthetase I to catalyze the hydrolysis of glutamine to glutamic acid and ammonia.

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