A near full-length cDNA copy of rat carbamoyl-phosphate synthetase I (EC 18.104.22.168) mRNA has been cloned. The cDNA insert in the recombinant plasmid pHN234 is 5.3 kilobases long. Analysis of the sequence coding for carbamoyl-phosphate synthetase I indicates that the gene has arisen from a fusion of two ancestral genes: one homologous to Escherichia coli carA, coding for a glutaminase subunit, and the second homologous to the carB gene that codes for the synthetase subunit. A short amino acid sequence previously proposed to be part of the active site involved in glutamine amide nitrogen transfer in the E. coli and yeast carbamoyl-phosphate synthetases (EC 22.214.171.124) is also present in the rat enzyme. In the mammalian enzyme, however, the glutaminase domain lacks a cysteine residue previously shown to interact with glutamine. The cysteine is replaced by a serine residue. This substitution could, in part, account for the inability of mammalian carbamoyl-phosphate synthetase I to catalyze the hydrolysis of glutamine to glutamic acid and ammonia.
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|Publication status||Published - 1985 Jan 1|
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