The hybrid energy spectrum of Telescope Array's Middle Drum Detector and surface array

R. U. Abbasi, M. Abe, T. Abu-Zayyad, M. G. Allen, R. Anderson, R. Azuma, E. Barcikowski, J. W. Belz, D. R. Bergman, S. A. Blake, R. Cady, M. J. Chae, B. G. Cheon, J. Chiba, M. Chikawa, W. R. Cho, T. Fujii, M. Fukushima, T. Goto, W. Hanlon & 107 others Y. Hayashi, N. Hayashida, K. Hibino, K. Honda, D. Ikeda, N. Inoue, T. Ishii, R. Ishimori, H. Ito, D. Ivanov, C. C H Jui, K. Kadota, F. Kakimoto, O. Kalashev, K. Kasahara, H. Kawai, S. Kawakami, S. Kawana, K. Kawata, E. Kido, H. B. Kim, J. H. Kim, J. H. Kim, S. Kitamura, Y. Kitamura, V. Kuzmin, Y. J. Kwon, J. Lan, S. I. Lim, J. P. Lundquist, K. Machida, K. Martens, T. Matsuda, T. Matsuyama, J. N. Matthews, M. Minamino, K. Mukai, I. Myers, K. Nagasawa, S. Nagataki, T. Nakamura, T. Nonaka, A. Nozato, S. Ogio, J. Ogura, M. Ohnishi, H. Ohoka, K. Oki, T. Okuda, M. Ono, A. Oshima, Shunsuke Ozawa, I. H. Park, M. S. Pshirkov, D. C. Rodriguez, G. Rubtsov, D. Ryu, H. Sagawa, N. Sakurai, A. L. Sampson, L. M. Scott, P. D. Shah, F. Shibata, T. Shibata, H. Shimodaira, B. K. Shin, H. S. Shin, J. D. Smith, P. Sokolsky, R. W. Springer, B. T. Stokes, S. R. Stratton, T. A. Stroman, T. Suzawa, M. Takamura, M. Takeda, R. Takeishi, A. Taketa, M. Takita, Y. Tameda, H. Tanaka, K. Tanaka, M. Tanaka, S. B. Thomas, G. B. Thomson, P. Tinyakov, I. Tkachev, H. Tokuno, T. Tomida, S. Troitsky, Y. Tsunesada, K. Tsutsumi, Y. Uchihori, S. Udo, F. Urban, G. Vasiloff, T. Wong, R. Yamane, H. Yamaoka, K. Yamazaki, J. Yang, K. Yashiro, Y. Yoneda, S. Yoshida, H. Yoshii, R. Zollinger, Z. Zundel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Telescope Array experiment studies ultra high energy cosmic rays using a hybrid detector. Fluorescence telescopes measure the longitudinal development of the extensive air shower generated when a primary cosmic ray particle interacts with the atmosphere. Meanwhile, scintillator detectors measure the lateral distribution of secondary shower particles that hit the ground. The Middle Drum (MD) fluorescence telescope station consists of 14 telescopes from the High Resolution Fly's Eye (HiRes) experiment, providing a direct link back to the HiRes measurements. Using the scintillator detector data in conjunction with the telescope data improves the geometrical reconstruction of the showers significantly, and hence, provides a more accurate reconstruction of the energy of the primary particle. The Middle Drum hybrid spectrum is presented and compared to that measured by the Middle Drum station in monocular mode. Further, the hybrid data establishes a link between the Middle Drum data and the surface array. A comparison between the Middle Drum hybrid energy spectrum and scintillator Surface Detector (SD) spectrum is also shown.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27-44
Number of pages18
JournalAstroparticle Physics
Volume68
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Fingerprint

drums
energy spectra
telescopes
detectors
scintillation counters
showers
stations
primary cosmic rays
fluorescence
cosmic ray showers
cosmic rays
atmospheres
energy
high resolution

Keywords

  • Array
  • Cosmic rays
  • Energy spectrum
  • Hybrid
  • Telescope
  • Ultra high energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Abbasi, R. U., Abe, M., Abu-Zayyad, T., Allen, M. G., Anderson, R., Azuma, R., ... Zundel, Z. (2015). The hybrid energy spectrum of Telescope Array's Middle Drum Detector and surface array. Astroparticle Physics, 68, 27-44. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.astropartphys.2015.02.008

The hybrid energy spectrum of Telescope Array's Middle Drum Detector and surface array. / Abbasi, R. U.; Abe, M.; Abu-Zayyad, T.; Allen, M. G.; Anderson, R.; Azuma, R.; Barcikowski, E.; Belz, J. W.; Bergman, D. R.; Blake, S. A.; Cady, R.; Chae, M. J.; Cheon, B. G.; Chiba, J.; Chikawa, M.; Cho, W. R.; Fujii, T.; Fukushima, M.; Goto, T.; Hanlon, W.; Hayashi, Y.; Hayashida, N.; Hibino, K.; Honda, K.; Ikeda, D.; Inoue, N.; Ishii, T.; Ishimori, R.; Ito, H.; Ivanov, D.; Jui, C. C H; Kadota, K.; Kakimoto, F.; Kalashev, O.; Kasahara, K.; Kawai, H.; Kawakami, S.; Kawana, S.; Kawata, K.; Kido, E.; Kim, H. B.; Kim, J. H.; Kim, J. H.; Kitamura, S.; Kitamura, Y.; Kuzmin, V.; Kwon, Y. J.; Lan, J.; Lim, S. I.; Lundquist, J. P.; Machida, K.; Martens, K.; Matsuda, T.; Matsuyama, T.; Matthews, J. N.; Minamino, M.; Mukai, K.; Myers, I.; Nagasawa, K.; Nagataki, S.; Nakamura, T.; Nonaka, T.; Nozato, A.; Ogio, S.; Ogura, J.; Ohnishi, M.; Ohoka, H.; Oki, K.; Okuda, T.; Ono, M.; Oshima, A.; Ozawa, Shunsuke; Park, I. H.; Pshirkov, M. S.; Rodriguez, D. C.; Rubtsov, G.; Ryu, D.; Sagawa, H.; Sakurai, N.; Sampson, A. L.; Scott, L. M.; Shah, P. D.; Shibata, F.; Shibata, T.; Shimodaira, H.; Shin, B. K.; Shin, H. S.; Smith, J. D.; Sokolsky, P.; Springer, R. W.; Stokes, B. T.; Stratton, S. R.; Stroman, T. A.; Suzawa, T.; Takamura, M.; Takeda, M.; Takeishi, R.; Taketa, A.; Takita, M.; Tameda, Y.; Tanaka, H.; Tanaka, K.; Tanaka, M.; Thomas, S. B.; Thomson, G. B.; Tinyakov, P.; Tkachev, I.; Tokuno, H.; Tomida, T.; Troitsky, S.; Tsunesada, Y.; Tsutsumi, K.; Uchihori, Y.; Udo, S.; Urban, F.; Vasiloff, G.; Wong, T.; Yamane, R.; Yamaoka, H.; Yamazaki, K.; Yang, J.; Yashiro, K.; Yoneda, Y.; Yoshida, S.; Yoshii, H.; Zollinger, R.; Zundel, Z.

In: Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 68, 2015, p. 27-44.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abbasi, RU, Abe, M, Abu-Zayyad, T, Allen, MG, Anderson, R, Azuma, R, Barcikowski, E, Belz, JW, Bergman, DR, Blake, SA, Cady, R, Chae, MJ, Cheon, BG, Chiba, J, Chikawa, M, Cho, WR, Fujii, T, Fukushima, M, Goto, T, Hanlon, W, Hayashi, Y, Hayashida, N, Hibino, K, Honda, K, Ikeda, D, Inoue, N, Ishii, T, Ishimori, R, Ito, H, Ivanov, D, Jui, CCH, Kadota, K, Kakimoto, F, Kalashev, O, Kasahara, K, Kawai, H, Kawakami, S, Kawana, S, Kawata, K, Kido, E, Kim, HB, Kim, JH, Kim, JH, Kitamura, S, Kitamura, Y, Kuzmin, V, Kwon, YJ, Lan, J, Lim, SI, Lundquist, JP, Machida, K, Martens, K, Matsuda, T, Matsuyama, T, Matthews, JN, Minamino, M, Mukai, K, Myers, I, Nagasawa, K, Nagataki, S, Nakamura, T, Nonaka, T, Nozato, A, Ogio, S, Ogura, J, Ohnishi, M, Ohoka, H, Oki, K, Okuda, T, Ono, M, Oshima, A, Ozawa, S, Park, IH, Pshirkov, MS, Rodriguez, DC, Rubtsov, G, Ryu, D, Sagawa, H, Sakurai, N, Sampson, AL, Scott, LM, Shah, PD, Shibata, F, Shibata, T, Shimodaira, H, Shin, BK, Shin, HS, Smith, JD, Sokolsky, P, Springer, RW, Stokes, BT, Stratton, SR, Stroman, TA, Suzawa, T, Takamura, M, Takeda, M, Takeishi, R, Taketa, A, Takita, M, Tameda, Y, Tanaka, H, Tanaka, K, Tanaka, M, Thomas, SB, Thomson, GB, Tinyakov, P, Tkachev, I, Tokuno, H, Tomida, T, Troitsky, S, Tsunesada, Y, Tsutsumi, K, Uchihori, Y, Udo, S, Urban, F, Vasiloff, G, Wong, T, Yamane, R, Yamaoka, H, Yamazaki, K, Yang, J, Yashiro, K, Yoneda, Y, Yoshida, S, Yoshii, H, Zollinger, R & Zundel, Z 2015, 'The hybrid energy spectrum of Telescope Array's Middle Drum Detector and surface array', Astroparticle Physics, vol. 68, pp. 27-44. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.astropartphys.2015.02.008
Abbasi, R. U. ; Abe, M. ; Abu-Zayyad, T. ; Allen, M. G. ; Anderson, R. ; Azuma, R. ; Barcikowski, E. ; Belz, J. W. ; Bergman, D. R. ; Blake, S. A. ; Cady, R. ; Chae, M. J. ; Cheon, B. G. ; Chiba, J. ; Chikawa, M. ; Cho, W. R. ; Fujii, T. ; Fukushima, M. ; Goto, T. ; Hanlon, W. ; Hayashi, Y. ; Hayashida, N. ; Hibino, K. ; Honda, K. ; Ikeda, D. ; Inoue, N. ; Ishii, T. ; Ishimori, R. ; Ito, H. ; Ivanov, D. ; Jui, C. C H ; Kadota, K. ; Kakimoto, F. ; Kalashev, O. ; Kasahara, K. ; Kawai, H. ; Kawakami, S. ; Kawana, S. ; Kawata, K. ; Kido, E. ; Kim, H. B. ; Kim, J. H. ; Kim, J. H. ; Kitamura, S. ; Kitamura, Y. ; Kuzmin, V. ; Kwon, Y. J. ; Lan, J. ; Lim, S. I. ; Lundquist, J. P. ; Machida, K. ; Martens, K. ; Matsuda, T. ; Matsuyama, T. ; Matthews, J. N. ; Minamino, M. ; Mukai, K. ; Myers, I. ; Nagasawa, K. ; Nagataki, S. ; Nakamura, T. ; Nonaka, T. ; Nozato, A. ; Ogio, S. ; Ogura, J. ; Ohnishi, M. ; Ohoka, H. ; Oki, K. ; Okuda, T. ; Ono, M. ; Oshima, A. ; Ozawa, Shunsuke ; Park, I. H. ; Pshirkov, M. S. ; Rodriguez, D. C. ; Rubtsov, G. ; Ryu, D. ; Sagawa, H. ; Sakurai, N. ; Sampson, A. L. ; Scott, L. M. ; Shah, P. D. ; Shibata, F. ; Shibata, T. ; Shimodaira, H. ; Shin, B. K. ; Shin, H. S. ; Smith, J. D. ; Sokolsky, P. ; Springer, R. W. ; Stokes, B. T. ; Stratton, S. R. ; Stroman, T. A. ; Suzawa, T. ; Takamura, M. ; Takeda, M. ; Takeishi, R. ; Taketa, A. ; Takita, M. ; Tameda, Y. ; Tanaka, H. ; Tanaka, K. ; Tanaka, M. ; Thomas, S. B. ; Thomson, G. B. ; Tinyakov, P. ; Tkachev, I. ; Tokuno, H. ; Tomida, T. ; Troitsky, S. ; Tsunesada, Y. ; Tsutsumi, K. ; Uchihori, Y. ; Udo, S. ; Urban, F. ; Vasiloff, G. ; Wong, T. ; Yamane, R. ; Yamaoka, H. ; Yamazaki, K. ; Yang, J. ; Yashiro, K. ; Yoneda, Y. ; Yoshida, S. ; Yoshii, H. ; Zollinger, R. ; Zundel, Z. / The hybrid energy spectrum of Telescope Array's Middle Drum Detector and surface array. In: Astroparticle Physics. 2015 ; Vol. 68. pp. 27-44.
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TY - JOUR

T1 - The hybrid energy spectrum of Telescope Array's Middle Drum Detector and surface array

AU - Abbasi, R. U.

AU - Abe, M.

AU - Abu-Zayyad, T.

AU - Allen, M. G.

AU - Anderson, R.

AU - Azuma, R.

AU - Barcikowski, E.

AU - Belz, J. W.

AU - Bergman, D. R.

AU - Blake, S. A.

AU - Cady, R.

AU - Chae, M. J.

AU - Cheon, B. G.

AU - Chiba, J.

AU - Chikawa, M.

AU - Cho, W. R.

AU - Fujii, T.

AU - Fukushima, M.

AU - Goto, T.

AU - Hanlon, W.

AU - Hayashi, Y.

AU - Hayashida, N.

AU - Hibino, K.

AU - Honda, K.

AU - Ikeda, D.

AU - Inoue, N.

AU - Ishii, T.

AU - Ishimori, R.

AU - Ito, H.

AU - Ivanov, D.

AU - Jui, C. C H

AU - Kadota, K.

AU - Kakimoto, F.

AU - Kalashev, O.

AU - Kasahara, K.

AU - Kawai, H.

AU - Kawakami, S.

AU - Kawana, S.

AU - Kawata, K.

AU - Kido, E.

AU - Kim, H. B.

AU - Kim, J. H.

AU - Kim, J. H.

AU - Kitamura, S.

AU - Kitamura, Y.

AU - Kuzmin, V.

AU - Kwon, Y. J.

AU - Lan, J.

AU - Lim, S. I.

AU - Lundquist, J. P.

AU - Machida, K.

AU - Martens, K.

AU - Matsuda, T.

AU - Matsuyama, T.

AU - Matthews, J. N.

AU - Minamino, M.

AU - Mukai, K.

AU - Myers, I.

AU - Nagasawa, K.

AU - Nagataki, S.

AU - Nakamura, T.

AU - Nonaka, T.

AU - Nozato, A.

AU - Ogio, S.

AU - Ogura, J.

AU - Ohnishi, M.

AU - Ohoka, H.

AU - Oki, K.

AU - Okuda, T.

AU - Ono, M.

AU - Oshima, A.

AU - Ozawa, Shunsuke

AU - Park, I. H.

AU - Pshirkov, M. S.

AU - Rodriguez, D. C.

AU - Rubtsov, G.

AU - Ryu, D.

AU - Sagawa, H.

AU - Sakurai, N.

AU - Sampson, A. L.

AU - Scott, L. M.

AU - Shah, P. D.

AU - Shibata, F.

AU - Shibata, T.

AU - Shimodaira, H.

AU - Shin, B. K.

AU - Shin, H. S.

AU - Smith, J. D.

AU - Sokolsky, P.

AU - Springer, R. W.

AU - Stokes, B. T.

AU - Stratton, S. R.

AU - Stroman, T. A.

AU - Suzawa, T.

AU - Takamura, M.

AU - Takeda, M.

AU - Takeishi, R.

AU - Taketa, A.

AU - Takita, M.

AU - Tameda, Y.

AU - Tanaka, H.

AU - Tanaka, K.

AU - Tanaka, M.

AU - Thomas, S. B.

AU - Thomson, G. B.

AU - Tinyakov, P.

AU - Tkachev, I.

AU - Tokuno, H.

AU - Tomida, T.

AU - Troitsky, S.

AU - Tsunesada, Y.

AU - Tsutsumi, K.

AU - Uchihori, Y.

AU - Udo, S.

AU - Urban, F.

AU - Vasiloff, G.

AU - Wong, T.

AU - Yamane, R.

AU - Yamaoka, H.

AU - Yamazaki, K.

AU - Yang, J.

AU - Yashiro, K.

AU - Yoneda, Y.

AU - Yoshida, S.

AU - Yoshii, H.

AU - Zollinger, R.

AU - Zundel, Z.

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - The Telescope Array experiment studies ultra high energy cosmic rays using a hybrid detector. Fluorescence telescopes measure the longitudinal development of the extensive air shower generated when a primary cosmic ray particle interacts with the atmosphere. Meanwhile, scintillator detectors measure the lateral distribution of secondary shower particles that hit the ground. The Middle Drum (MD) fluorescence telescope station consists of 14 telescopes from the High Resolution Fly's Eye (HiRes) experiment, providing a direct link back to the HiRes measurements. Using the scintillator detector data in conjunction with the telescope data improves the geometrical reconstruction of the showers significantly, and hence, provides a more accurate reconstruction of the energy of the primary particle. The Middle Drum hybrid spectrum is presented and compared to that measured by the Middle Drum station in monocular mode. Further, the hybrid data establishes a link between the Middle Drum data and the surface array. A comparison between the Middle Drum hybrid energy spectrum and scintillator Surface Detector (SD) spectrum is also shown.

AB - The Telescope Array experiment studies ultra high energy cosmic rays using a hybrid detector. Fluorescence telescopes measure the longitudinal development of the extensive air shower generated when a primary cosmic ray particle interacts with the atmosphere. Meanwhile, scintillator detectors measure the lateral distribution of secondary shower particles that hit the ground. The Middle Drum (MD) fluorescence telescope station consists of 14 telescopes from the High Resolution Fly's Eye (HiRes) experiment, providing a direct link back to the HiRes measurements. Using the scintillator detector data in conjunction with the telescope data improves the geometrical reconstruction of the showers significantly, and hence, provides a more accurate reconstruction of the energy of the primary particle. The Middle Drum hybrid spectrum is presented and compared to that measured by the Middle Drum station in monocular mode. Further, the hybrid data establishes a link between the Middle Drum data and the surface array. A comparison between the Middle Drum hybrid energy spectrum and scintillator Surface Detector (SD) spectrum is also shown.

KW - Array

KW - Cosmic rays

KW - Energy spectrum

KW - Hybrid

KW - Telescope

KW - Ultra high energy

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UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84924911610&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.astropartphys.2015.02.008

DO - 10.1016/j.astropartphys.2015.02.008

M3 - Article

VL - 68

SP - 27

EP - 44

JO - Astroparticle Physics

JF - Astroparticle Physics

SN - 0927-6505

ER -