The impact of leisure and social activities on activities of daily living of middle-aged adults: Evidence from a national longitudinal survey in Japan

Takafumi Monma, Fumi Takeda, Haruko Noguchi, Hideto Takahashi, Nanako Tamiya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigated the effects of leisure and social activities on the ability of middleaged adults to maintain activities of daily living (ADL), and whether performing these activities alone or with others contributed to the ability to perform ADL. The study used nationally representative longitudinal data of 22,770 adults in Japan, aged 50-59 years, who did not have limitations in performing ADL at the beginning of the 5-year survey period. The study considered six activity categories: two leisure activities ("hobbies or cultural activities" and "exercise or sports") and four social activities ("community events," "support for children," "support for elderly individuals," and "other social activities"). Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to examine the relation between participation in these categories at baseline and difficulties in ADL at the 5-year follow-up. The association between the extent of social interaction during these activities ("by oneself," "with others," or "both") and difficulties in ADL was also investigated. The analysis yielded significant negative correlations between "exercise or sports" and difficulties in ADL for both men and women, and between "hobbies or cultural activities" and difficulties in ADL for women. However, these significant relationships occurred only when activities were conducted "with others." The present findings might help prevent deterioration in middle-aged adults' performance of ADL in Japan.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0165106
JournalPloS one
Volume11
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Oct

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The impact of leisure and social activities on activities of daily living of middle-aged adults: Evidence from a national longitudinal survey in Japan'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this