The influence of second language experience on Japanese-accented English rhythm

Saya Kawase, Jeesun Kim, Chris Davis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Compared to stress-timed English, mora-timed Japanese is characterized by a simpler syllabic structure and no vowel reduction. Such differences may explain some aspects of the problems that Japanese talkers have in producing English speech rhythm, i.e., an L1 influence on L2 rhythm production. The present study tested whether this L1 influence on L2 could be moderated by an increase in L2 experience. We examined English sentences spoken by Japanese (‘experienced’ and ‘inexperienced’ English learners) and native Australian English talkers. The mean duration and variability of consonant and vowel intervals were calculated using rhythm metrics. The results showed that the mean duration of phoneme intervals was relatively longer in L2 speech, particularly the inexperienced L2, compared to L1 speech. Furthermore, the inexperienced L2 talkers exhibited the least vowel durational variability, with the English talkers having the most; the values of the experienced L2 talkers were intermediate. Differences among the talker groups were well described by the coefficient of variations of vowel and consonant durations, more specifically, durational variability increased as the phoneme duration got shorter. Overall, the results demonstrated that an L1 influence on L2 speech rhythm production decreases as a function of L2 experience.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)746-750
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the International Conference on Speech Prosody
Volume2016-January
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

language
experience
Language
Rhythm
Talkers
Values
Group
Speech Rhythm
Phoneme
Consonant

Keywords

  • Duration
  • Second language speech production
  • Speech rhythm

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language

Cite this

The influence of second language experience on Japanese-accented English rhythm. / Kawase, Saya; Kim, Jeesun; Davis, Chris.

In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Speech Prosody, Vol. 2016-January, 2016, p. 746-750.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{03722e92e9cb47fea1ab9bddca553355,
title = "The influence of second language experience on Japanese-accented English rhythm",
abstract = "Compared to stress-timed English, mora-timed Japanese is characterized by a simpler syllabic structure and no vowel reduction. Such differences may explain some aspects of the problems that Japanese talkers have in producing English speech rhythm, i.e., an L1 influence on L2 rhythm production. The present study tested whether this L1 influence on L2 could be moderated by an increase in L2 experience. We examined English sentences spoken by Japanese (‘experienced’ and ‘inexperienced’ English learners) and native Australian English talkers. The mean duration and variability of consonant and vowel intervals were calculated using rhythm metrics. The results showed that the mean duration of phoneme intervals was relatively longer in L2 speech, particularly the inexperienced L2, compared to L1 speech. Furthermore, the inexperienced L2 talkers exhibited the least vowel durational variability, with the English talkers having the most; the values of the experienced L2 talkers were intermediate. Differences among the talker groups were well described by the coefficient of variations of vowel and consonant durations, more specifically, durational variability increased as the phoneme duration got shorter. Overall, the results demonstrated that an L1 influence on L2 speech rhythm production decreases as a function of L2 experience.",
keywords = "Duration, Second language speech production, Speech rhythm",
author = "Saya Kawase and Jeesun Kim and Chris Davis",
year = "2016",
language = "English",
volume = "2016-January",
pages = "746--750",
journal = "Proceedings of the International Conference on Speech Prosody",
issn = "2333-2042",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The influence of second language experience on Japanese-accented English rhythm

AU - Kawase, Saya

AU - Kim, Jeesun

AU - Davis, Chris

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Compared to stress-timed English, mora-timed Japanese is characterized by a simpler syllabic structure and no vowel reduction. Such differences may explain some aspects of the problems that Japanese talkers have in producing English speech rhythm, i.e., an L1 influence on L2 rhythm production. The present study tested whether this L1 influence on L2 could be moderated by an increase in L2 experience. We examined English sentences spoken by Japanese (‘experienced’ and ‘inexperienced’ English learners) and native Australian English talkers. The mean duration and variability of consonant and vowel intervals were calculated using rhythm metrics. The results showed that the mean duration of phoneme intervals was relatively longer in L2 speech, particularly the inexperienced L2, compared to L1 speech. Furthermore, the inexperienced L2 talkers exhibited the least vowel durational variability, with the English talkers having the most; the values of the experienced L2 talkers were intermediate. Differences among the talker groups were well described by the coefficient of variations of vowel and consonant durations, more specifically, durational variability increased as the phoneme duration got shorter. Overall, the results demonstrated that an L1 influence on L2 speech rhythm production decreases as a function of L2 experience.

AB - Compared to stress-timed English, mora-timed Japanese is characterized by a simpler syllabic structure and no vowel reduction. Such differences may explain some aspects of the problems that Japanese talkers have in producing English speech rhythm, i.e., an L1 influence on L2 rhythm production. The present study tested whether this L1 influence on L2 could be moderated by an increase in L2 experience. We examined English sentences spoken by Japanese (‘experienced’ and ‘inexperienced’ English learners) and native Australian English talkers. The mean duration and variability of consonant and vowel intervals were calculated using rhythm metrics. The results showed that the mean duration of phoneme intervals was relatively longer in L2 speech, particularly the inexperienced L2, compared to L1 speech. Furthermore, the inexperienced L2 talkers exhibited the least vowel durational variability, with the English talkers having the most; the values of the experienced L2 talkers were intermediate. Differences among the talker groups were well described by the coefficient of variations of vowel and consonant durations, more specifically, durational variability increased as the phoneme duration got shorter. Overall, the results demonstrated that an L1 influence on L2 speech rhythm production decreases as a function of L2 experience.

KW - Duration

KW - Second language speech production

KW - Speech rhythm

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84982908210&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84982908210&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 2016-January

SP - 746

EP - 750

JO - Proceedings of the International Conference on Speech Prosody

JF - Proceedings of the International Conference on Speech Prosody

SN - 2333-2042

ER -