The IRAP Is Nonrelative but not Acontextual: Changes to the Contrast Category Influence Men’s Dehumanization of Women

Ian Hussey, Dearbhaile Ní Mhaoileoin, Dermot Barnes-Holmes, Tomu Otsuki, Naoko Kishita, Sean Hughes, Carol Murphy

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    6 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP) is frequently employed over other measures of so-called implicit attitudes because it produces 4 independent and “nonrelative” bias scores, thereby providing greater clarity around what drives an effect. Indeed, studies have sometimes emphasized the procedural separation of the four trial types by choosing to report only the results of a single, theoretically meaningful trial type. However, no research to date has examined the degree to which performance on a given trial type is impacted upon by other stimulus categories employed within the task. The current study examined the extent to which response biases toward “women” are influenced by two different contrast categories: “men” versus “inanimate objects.” Results indicated that greater dehumanization of women was observed in the context of the latter relative to the former category. The findings highlight that the IRAP may be described as a nonrelative, but not acontextual, measure of brief and immediate relational responses.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)291-299
    Number of pages9
    JournalPsychological Record
    Volume66
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jun 1

    Fingerprint

    Dehumanization
    Research

    Keywords

    • Dehumanization of women
    • Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure
    • Relational Frame Theory

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Psychology(all)
    • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

    Cite this

    The IRAP Is Nonrelative but not Acontextual : Changes to the Contrast Category Influence Men’s Dehumanization of Women. / Hussey, Ian; Mhaoileoin, Dearbhaile Ní; Barnes-Holmes, Dermot; Otsuki, Tomu; Kishita, Naoko; Hughes, Sean; Murphy, Carol.

    In: Psychological Record, Vol. 66, No. 2, 01.06.2016, p. 291-299.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Hussey, Ian ; Mhaoileoin, Dearbhaile Ní ; Barnes-Holmes, Dermot ; Otsuki, Tomu ; Kishita, Naoko ; Hughes, Sean ; Murphy, Carol. / The IRAP Is Nonrelative but not Acontextual : Changes to the Contrast Category Influence Men’s Dehumanization of Women. In: Psychological Record. 2016 ; Vol. 66, No. 2. pp. 291-299.
    @article{e2fd6382c28345d5a2e73a3f9fa4c7cc,
    title = "The IRAP Is Nonrelative but not Acontextual: Changes to the Contrast Category Influence Men’s Dehumanization of Women",
    abstract = "The Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP) is frequently employed over other measures of so-called implicit attitudes because it produces 4 independent and “nonrelative” bias scores, thereby providing greater clarity around what drives an effect. Indeed, studies have sometimes emphasized the procedural separation of the four trial types by choosing to report only the results of a single, theoretically meaningful trial type. However, no research to date has examined the degree to which performance on a given trial type is impacted upon by other stimulus categories employed within the task. The current study examined the extent to which response biases toward “women” are influenced by two different contrast categories: “men” versus “inanimate objects.” Results indicated that greater dehumanization of women was observed in the context of the latter relative to the former category. The findings highlight that the IRAP may be described as a nonrelative, but not acontextual, measure of brief and immediate relational responses.",
    keywords = "Dehumanization of women, Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure, Relational Frame Theory",
    author = "Ian Hussey and Mhaoileoin, {Dearbhaile N{\'i}} and Dermot Barnes-Holmes and Tomu Otsuki and Naoko Kishita and Sean Hughes and Carol Murphy",
    year = "2016",
    month = "6",
    day = "1",
    doi = "10.1007/s40732-016-0171-6",
    language = "English",
    volume = "66",
    pages = "291--299",
    journal = "Psychological Record",
    issn = "0033-2933",
    publisher = "Psychological Record",
    number = "2",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - The IRAP Is Nonrelative but not Acontextual

    T2 - Changes to the Contrast Category Influence Men’s Dehumanization of Women

    AU - Hussey, Ian

    AU - Mhaoileoin, Dearbhaile Ní

    AU - Barnes-Holmes, Dermot

    AU - Otsuki, Tomu

    AU - Kishita, Naoko

    AU - Hughes, Sean

    AU - Murphy, Carol

    PY - 2016/6/1

    Y1 - 2016/6/1

    N2 - The Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP) is frequently employed over other measures of so-called implicit attitudes because it produces 4 independent and “nonrelative” bias scores, thereby providing greater clarity around what drives an effect. Indeed, studies have sometimes emphasized the procedural separation of the four trial types by choosing to report only the results of a single, theoretically meaningful trial type. However, no research to date has examined the degree to which performance on a given trial type is impacted upon by other stimulus categories employed within the task. The current study examined the extent to which response biases toward “women” are influenced by two different contrast categories: “men” versus “inanimate objects.” Results indicated that greater dehumanization of women was observed in the context of the latter relative to the former category. The findings highlight that the IRAP may be described as a nonrelative, but not acontextual, measure of brief and immediate relational responses.

    AB - The Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP) is frequently employed over other measures of so-called implicit attitudes because it produces 4 independent and “nonrelative” bias scores, thereby providing greater clarity around what drives an effect. Indeed, studies have sometimes emphasized the procedural separation of the four trial types by choosing to report only the results of a single, theoretically meaningful trial type. However, no research to date has examined the degree to which performance on a given trial type is impacted upon by other stimulus categories employed within the task. The current study examined the extent to which response biases toward “women” are influenced by two different contrast categories: “men” versus “inanimate objects.” Results indicated that greater dehumanization of women was observed in the context of the latter relative to the former category. The findings highlight that the IRAP may be described as a nonrelative, but not acontextual, measure of brief and immediate relational responses.

    KW - Dehumanization of women

    KW - Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure

    KW - Relational Frame Theory

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84964269904&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84964269904&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1007/s40732-016-0171-6

    DO - 10.1007/s40732-016-0171-6

    M3 - Article

    AN - SCOPUS:84964269904

    VL - 66

    SP - 291

    EP - 299

    JO - Psychological Record

    JF - Psychological Record

    SN - 0033-2933

    IS - 2

    ER -