We previously reported that some L1 family (Kpnl family) members are closely associated with the Alu family sequence. To understand the details of the Ll-Alu association, the structure of a Ll-Alu unit downstream from the β-globin gene was compared between human and primates. The results revealed that the L1-Alu-associated sequence was formed by the insertion of the L1 sequence, TBG41, into the 3' poly A tract of the preexisting Alu family sequence. It was estimated that the TβG41 sequence was inserted after the divergence of Old World monkeys and hominoids and before the divergence of orang-utan and common ancestor of other higher hominoids. From the calculation of the mutation rates of L1 sequences, it was suggested that the TβG41 was derived from an active L1 sequence which was able to encode reverse transcriptase-related protein.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty
- Applied Mathematics
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis