The negative association of childhood obesity to cognitive control of action monitoring

Keita Kamijo, Matthew B. Pontifex, Naiman A. Khan, Lauren B. Raine, Mark R. Scudder, Eric S. Drollette, Ellen M. Evans, Darla M. Castelli, Charles H. Hillman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

62 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The global epidemic of childhood obesity has become a major public health concern. Yet, evidence regarding the association between childhood obesity and cognitive health has remained scarce. This study examined the relationship between obesity and cognitive control using neuroelectric and behavioral measures of action monitoring in preadolescent children. Healthy weight and obese children performed compatible and incompatible stimulus-response conditions of a modified flanker task, while task performance and the error-related negativity (ERN) were assessed. Analyses revealed that obese children exhibited a longer reaction time (RT) relative to healthy weight children for the incompatible condition, whereas no such difference was observed for the compatible condition. Further, obese children had smaller ERN amplitude relative to healthy weight children with lower post-error response accuracy. In addition, healthy weight children maintained post-error response accuracy between the compatible and incompatible conditions with decreased ERN amplitude in the incompatible condition, whereas obese children exhibited lower post-error response accuracy for the incompatible relative to the compatible condition with no change in ERN amplitude between the compatibility conditions. These results suggest that childhood obesity is associated with a decreased ability to modulate the cognitive control network, involving the prefrontal cortex and anterior cingulate cortex, which supports action monitoring.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)654-662
Number of pages9
JournalCerebral Cortex
Volume24
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Mar

Fingerprint

Pediatric Obesity
Weights and Measures
Aptitude
Gyrus Cinguli
Task Performance and Analysis
Prefrontal Cortex
Reaction Time
Public Health
Obesity
Health

Keywords

  • anterior cingulate cortex
  • body mass index
  • cognitive health
  • error-related negativity
  • preadolescent children

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Cite this

Kamijo, K., Pontifex, M. B., Khan, N. A., Raine, L. B., Scudder, M. R., Drollette, E. S., ... Hillman, C. H. (2014). The negative association of childhood obesity to cognitive control of action monitoring. Cerebral Cortex, 24(3), 654-662. https://doi.org/10.1093/cercor/bhs349

The negative association of childhood obesity to cognitive control of action monitoring. / Kamijo, Keita; Pontifex, Matthew B.; Khan, Naiman A.; Raine, Lauren B.; Scudder, Mark R.; Drollette, Eric S.; Evans, Ellen M.; Castelli, Darla M.; Hillman, Charles H.

In: Cerebral Cortex, Vol. 24, No. 3, 03.2014, p. 654-662.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kamijo, K, Pontifex, MB, Khan, NA, Raine, LB, Scudder, MR, Drollette, ES, Evans, EM, Castelli, DM & Hillman, CH 2014, 'The negative association of childhood obesity to cognitive control of action monitoring', Cerebral Cortex, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 654-662. https://doi.org/10.1093/cercor/bhs349
Kamijo K, Pontifex MB, Khan NA, Raine LB, Scudder MR, Drollette ES et al. The negative association of childhood obesity to cognitive control of action monitoring. Cerebral Cortex. 2014 Mar;24(3):654-662. https://doi.org/10.1093/cercor/bhs349
Kamijo, Keita ; Pontifex, Matthew B. ; Khan, Naiman A. ; Raine, Lauren B. ; Scudder, Mark R. ; Drollette, Eric S. ; Evans, Ellen M. ; Castelli, Darla M. ; Hillman, Charles H. / The negative association of childhood obesity to cognitive control of action monitoring. In: Cerebral Cortex. 2014 ; Vol. 24, No. 3. pp. 654-662.
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