The oxidation of bromide on platinum electrodes in aqueous acidic solutions

Electrochemical and in situ spectroscopic studies

Jing Xu, Nicholas S. Georgescu, Daniel Alberto Scherson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Certain aspects of the oxidation of bromide in acidic aqueous electrolytes have been investigated via a combination of rotating disk electrode (RDE) and in situ reflection absorption UV-visible spectroscopic techniques. Koutecky-Levich plots of polarization curves recorded with a Pt RDE in 5 mM KBr in 0.1M HClO4 at rotation rates in the range 400 to 2000 rpm yielded for low overpotentials rates independent of the applied potential. This conclusion supports the reports of Conway et al. (J. Chem. Soc., Faraday Trans., 1995, 91, 283) which relied on the analysis of the results different type of experiments performed in more concentrated bromide solutions. Advantage was taken of the very high molar absorptivity of tribromide, i.e. ε(λ = 266 nm) = 4.09 × 107 cm2 mol-1, a solution phase species generated via the reaction of bromine and bromide, to monitor quantitatively its presence within the diffusion boundary layer and thus gain insights into the reaction mechanism. Numerical simulations of the electrochemical-chemical (EC) mechanism that take into account the dynamics of formation and dissociation of tribromide, yielded good agreement with both the optical and electrochemical data collected in this work under strict diffusion control.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Volume161
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Rotating disks
Platinum
Bromides
Oxidation
Electrodes
Bromine
Boundary layers
Electrolytes
Polarization
Computer simulation
Experiments

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electrochemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "Certain aspects of the oxidation of bromide in acidic aqueous electrolytes have been investigated via a combination of rotating disk electrode (RDE) and in situ reflection absorption UV-visible spectroscopic techniques. Koutecky-Levich plots of polarization curves recorded with a Pt RDE in 5 mM KBr in 0.1M HClO4 at rotation rates in the range 400 to 2000 rpm yielded for low overpotentials rates independent of the applied potential. This conclusion supports the reports of Conway et al. (J. Chem. Soc., Faraday Trans., 1995, 91, 283) which relied on the analysis of the results different type of experiments performed in more concentrated bromide solutions. Advantage was taken of the very high molar absorptivity of tribromide, i.e. ε(λ = 266 nm) = 4.09 × 107 cm2 mol-1, a solution phase species generated via the reaction of bromine and bromide, to monitor quantitatively its presence within the diffusion boundary layer and thus gain insights into the reaction mechanism. Numerical simulations of the electrochemical-chemical (EC) mechanism that take into account the dynamics of formation and dissociation of tribromide, yielded good agreement with both the optical and electrochemical data collected in this work under strict diffusion control.",
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AB - Certain aspects of the oxidation of bromide in acidic aqueous electrolytes have been investigated via a combination of rotating disk electrode (RDE) and in situ reflection absorption UV-visible spectroscopic techniques. Koutecky-Levich plots of polarization curves recorded with a Pt RDE in 5 mM KBr in 0.1M HClO4 at rotation rates in the range 400 to 2000 rpm yielded for low overpotentials rates independent of the applied potential. This conclusion supports the reports of Conway et al. (J. Chem. Soc., Faraday Trans., 1995, 91, 283) which relied on the analysis of the results different type of experiments performed in more concentrated bromide solutions. Advantage was taken of the very high molar absorptivity of tribromide, i.e. ε(λ = 266 nm) = 4.09 × 107 cm2 mol-1, a solution phase species generated via the reaction of bromine and bromide, to monitor quantitatively its presence within the diffusion boundary layer and thus gain insights into the reaction mechanism. Numerical simulations of the electrochemical-chemical (EC) mechanism that take into account the dynamics of formation and dissociation of tribromide, yielded good agreement with both the optical and electrochemical data collected in this work under strict diffusion control.

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