The 1990s in Japan have seen the development of education reform based on Neo-liberalism. The policy of 'devolution' is one of the important factors in this reform. It is apparently reforming the school administration framework that has existed for 50 years since the Postwar Reform. However, new developments in education reform conflict with the traditional character of the educational system in Japan and the rights of students and parents. The authors consider that there are three directions in the field of education reform in Japan. The first direction is State Bureaucratic Control, the second is De-regulation and Marketisation, and the third is Participation and (Local or School) Autonomy. These three directions are in mutual opposition. Various groups seek for the hegemony, and sometimes they go together, and sometimes work against each other over this policy. Each direction is, however, tested to determine whether it will be able to contribute to the solution or amelioration of the educational problems in contemporary Japan. Through three cases in the Tokyo Metropolitan area, the authors try to analyse the process and mechanism of the opposition and compromise between these three directions.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Social Sciences(all)