The positioning system of the ANTARES Neutrino Telescope

S. Adrián-Martínez, M. Ageron, A. Aguilar, I. Al Samarai, A. Albert, M. André, M. Anghinolfi, G. Anton, S. Anvar, M. Ardid, C. Assis Jesus, T. Astraatmadja, J. J. Aubert, B. Baret, S. Basa, V. Bertin, S. Biagi, A. Bigi, C. Bigongiari, C. Bogazzi & 141 others M. Bou-Cabo, B. Bouhou, C. Bouwhuis, J. Brunner, J. Busto, F. Camarena, A. Capone, C. Cârloganu, G. Carminati, J. Carr, S. Cecchini, Z. Charif, Ph Charvis, T. Chiarusi, M. Circella, R. Coniglione, H. Costantini, P. Coyle, C. Curtil, G. De Bonis, P. Decowski, I. Dekeyser, A. Deschamps, C. Distefano, C. Donzaud, D. Dornic, Q. Dorosti, D. Drouhin, T. Eberl, U. Emanuele, A. Enzenhöfer, J. P. Ernenwein, S. Escoffier, P. Fermani, M. Ferri, V. Flaminio, F. Folger, U. Fritsch, J. L. Fuda, S. Galatà, P. Gay, G. Giacomelli, V. Giordano, P. Gómez-González, K. Graf, G. Guillard, G. Halladjian, G. Hallewell, H. Van Haren, J. Hartman, J. Heijboer, Y. Hello, J. Hernández-Rey, B. Herold, J. Höl, C. Hsu, M. De Jong, M. Kadler, O. Kalekin, A. Kappes, U. Katz, O. Kavatsyuk, P. Keller, P. Kooijman, C. Kopper, A. Kouchner, I. Kreykenbohm, V. Kulikovskiy, R. Lahmann, P. Lamare, G. Larosa, D. Lattuada, D. Lefèvre, A. Le Van Suu, G. Lim, D. Lo Presti, H. Loehner, S. Loucatos, S. Mangano, M. Marcelin, A. Margiotta, A. Martínez-Mora, A. Meli, T. Montaruli, L. Moscoso, Holger Martin Motz, M. Neff, E. Nezri, V. Niess, D. Palioselitis, E. Pavalaş, K. Payet, P. Payre, J. Petrovic, P. Piattelli, N. Picot-Clemente, V. Popa, T. Pradier, E. Presani, C. Racca, D. Real, C. Reed, G. Riccobene, C. Richardt, R. Richter, C. Rivière, A. Robert, K. Roensch, A. Rostovtsev, J. Ruiz-Rivas, M. Rujoiu, V. Russo, F. Salesa, E. Samtleben, F. Schöck, J. P. Schuller, F. Schüssler, T. Seitz, R. Shanidze, F. Simeone, A. Spies, M. Spurio, M. Steijger, Th Stolarczyk, A. Sánchez-Losa, M. Taiuti, C. Tamburini, S. Toscano, B. Vallage, V. Van Elewyck, G. Vannoni, M. Vecchi, P. Vernin, S. Wagner, G. Wijnker, J. Wilms, E. De Wolf, H. Yepes, D. Zaborov, D. Zornoza, J. Zúñiga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The ANTARES neutrino telescope, located 40 km off the coast of Toulon in the Mediterranean Sea at a mooring depth of about 2475 m, consists of twelve detection lines equipped typically with 25 storeys. Every storey carries three optical modules that detect Cherenkov light induced by charged secondary particles (typically muons) coming from neutrino interactions. As these lines are flexible structures fixed to the sea bed and held taut by a buoy, sea currents cause the lines to move and the storeys to rotate. The knowledge of the position of the optical modules with a precision better than 10 cm is essential for a good reconstruction of particle tracks. In this paper the ANTARES positioning system is described. It consists of an acoustic positioning system, for distance triangulation, and a compass-tiltmeter system, for the measurement of the orientation and inclination of the storeys. Necessary corrections are discussed and the results of the detector alignment procedure are described.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberT08002
JournalJournal of Instrumentation
Volume7
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Aug
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Flexible structures
Mooring
Triangulation
Neutrinos
Telescopes
positioning
Positioning
Telescope
Coastal zones
neutrinos
modules
Acoustics
tiltmeters
telescopes
mooring
Detectors
Mediterranean Sea
particle tracks
triangulation
coasts

Keywords

  • algorithms
  • architecture
  • charge transport
  • databases)
  • Detector alignment and calibration methods (lasers
  • Detector control systems (detector and experiment monitoring and slow-control systems
  • Detector modelling and simulations II (electric fields
  • electron emission
  • etc)
  • hardware
  • multiplication and induction
  • particle-beams)
  • pulse formation
  • sources
  • Timing detectors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Mathematical Physics

Cite this

Adrián-Martínez, S., Ageron, M., Aguilar, A., Al Samarai, I., Albert, A., André, M., ... Zúñiga, J. (2012). The positioning system of the ANTARES Neutrino Telescope. Journal of Instrumentation, 7(8), [T08002]. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-0221/7/08/T08002

The positioning system of the ANTARES Neutrino Telescope. / Adrián-Martínez, S.; Ageron, M.; Aguilar, A.; Al Samarai, I.; Albert, A.; André, M.; Anghinolfi, M.; Anton, G.; Anvar, S.; Ardid, M.; Assis Jesus, C.; Astraatmadja, T.; Aubert, J. J.; Baret, B.; Basa, S.; Bertin, V.; Biagi, S.; Bigi, A.; Bigongiari, C.; Bogazzi, C.; Bou-Cabo, M.; Bouhou, B.; Bouwhuis, C.; Brunner, J.; Busto, J.; Camarena, F.; Capone, A.; Cârloganu, C.; Carminati, G.; Carr, J.; Cecchini, S.; Charif, Z.; Charvis, Ph; Chiarusi, T.; Circella, M.; Coniglione, R.; Costantini, H.; Coyle, P.; Curtil, C.; De Bonis, G.; Decowski, P.; Dekeyser, I.; Deschamps, A.; Distefano, C.; Donzaud, C.; Dornic, D.; Dorosti, Q.; Drouhin, D.; Eberl, T.; Emanuele, U.; Enzenhöfer, A.; Ernenwein, J. P.; Escoffier, S.; Fermani, P.; Ferri, M.; Flaminio, V.; Folger, F.; Fritsch, U.; Fuda, J. L.; Galatà, S.; Gay, P.; Giacomelli, G.; Giordano, V.; Gómez-González, P.; Graf, K.; Guillard, G.; Halladjian, G.; Hallewell, G.; Van Haren, H.; Hartman, J.; Heijboer, J.; Hello, Y.; Hernández-Rey, J.; Herold, B.; Höl, J.; Hsu, C.; De Jong, M.; Kadler, M.; Kalekin, O.; Kappes, A.; Katz, U.; Kavatsyuk, O.; Keller, P.; Kooijman, P.; Kopper, C.; Kouchner, A.; Kreykenbohm, I.; Kulikovskiy, V.; Lahmann, R.; Lamare, P.; Larosa, G.; Lattuada, D.; Lefèvre, D.; Le Van Suu, A.; Lim, G.; Lo Presti, D.; Loehner, H.; Loucatos, S.; Mangano, S.; Marcelin, M.; Margiotta, A.; Martínez-Mora, A.; Meli, A.; Montaruli, T.; Moscoso, L.; Motz, Holger Martin; Neff, M.; Nezri, E.; Niess, V.; Palioselitis, D.; Pavalaş, E.; Payet, K.; Payre, P.; Petrovic, J.; Piattelli, P.; Picot-Clemente, N.; Popa, V.; Pradier, T.; Presani, E.; Racca, C.; Real, D.; Reed, C.; Riccobene, G.; Richardt, C.; Richter, R.; Rivière, C.; Robert, A.; Roensch, K.; Rostovtsev, A.; Ruiz-Rivas, J.; Rujoiu, M.; Russo, V.; Salesa, F.; Samtleben, E.; Schöck, F.; Schuller, J. P.; Schüssler, F.; Seitz, T.; Shanidze, R.; Simeone, F.; Spies, A.; Spurio, M.; Steijger, M.; Stolarczyk, Th; Sánchez-Losa, A.; Taiuti, M.; Tamburini, C.; Toscano, S.; Vallage, B.; Van Elewyck, V.; Vannoni, G.; Vecchi, M.; Vernin, P.; Wagner, S.; Wijnker, G.; Wilms, J.; De Wolf, E.; Yepes, H.; Zaborov, D.; Zornoza, D.; Zúñiga, J.

In: Journal of Instrumentation, Vol. 7, No. 8, T08002, 08.2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Adrián-Martínez, S, Ageron, M, Aguilar, A, Al Samarai, I, Albert, A, André, M, Anghinolfi, M, Anton, G, Anvar, S, Ardid, M, Assis Jesus, C, Astraatmadja, T, Aubert, JJ, Baret, B, Basa, S, Bertin, V, Biagi, S, Bigi, A, Bigongiari, C, Bogazzi, C, Bou-Cabo, M, Bouhou, B, Bouwhuis, C, Brunner, J, Busto, J, Camarena, F, Capone, A, Cârloganu, C, Carminati, G, Carr, J, Cecchini, S, Charif, Z, Charvis, P, Chiarusi, T, Circella, M, Coniglione, R, Costantini, H, Coyle, P, Curtil, C, De Bonis, G, Decowski, P, Dekeyser, I, Deschamps, A, Distefano, C, Donzaud, C, Dornic, D, Dorosti, Q, Drouhin, D, Eberl, T, Emanuele, U, Enzenhöfer, A, Ernenwein, JP, Escoffier, S, Fermani, P, Ferri, M, Flaminio, V, Folger, F, Fritsch, U, Fuda, JL, Galatà, S, Gay, P, Giacomelli, G, Giordano, V, Gómez-González, P, Graf, K, Guillard, G, Halladjian, G, Hallewell, G, Van Haren, H, Hartman, J, Heijboer, J, Hello, Y, Hernández-Rey, J, Herold, B, Höl, J, Hsu, C, De Jong, M, Kadler, M, Kalekin, O, Kappes, A, Katz, U, Kavatsyuk, O, Keller, P, Kooijman, P, Kopper, C, Kouchner, A, Kreykenbohm, I, Kulikovskiy, V, Lahmann, R, Lamare, P, Larosa, G, Lattuada, D, Lefèvre, D, Le Van Suu, A, Lim, G, Lo Presti, D, Loehner, H, Loucatos, S, Mangano, S, Marcelin, M, Margiotta, A, Martínez-Mora, A, Meli, A, Montaruli, T, Moscoso, L, Motz, HM, Neff, M, Nezri, E, Niess, V, Palioselitis, D, Pavalaş, E, Payet, K, Payre, P, Petrovic, J, Piattelli, P, Picot-Clemente, N, Popa, V, Pradier, T, Presani, E, Racca, C, Real, D, Reed, C, Riccobene, G, Richardt, C, Richter, R, Rivière, C, Robert, A, Roensch, K, Rostovtsev, A, Ruiz-Rivas, J, Rujoiu, M, Russo, V, Salesa, F, Samtleben, E, Schöck, F, Schuller, JP, Schüssler, F, Seitz, T, Shanidze, R, Simeone, F, Spies, A, Spurio, M, Steijger, M, Stolarczyk, T, Sánchez-Losa, A, Taiuti, M, Tamburini, C, Toscano, S, Vallage, B, Van Elewyck, V, Vannoni, G, Vecchi, M, Vernin, P, Wagner, S, Wijnker, G, Wilms, J, De Wolf, E, Yepes, H, Zaborov, D, Zornoza, D & Zúñiga, J 2012, 'The positioning system of the ANTARES Neutrino Telescope', Journal of Instrumentation, vol. 7, no. 8, T08002. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-0221/7/08/T08002
Adrián-Martínez S, Ageron M, Aguilar A, Al Samarai I, Albert A, André M et al. The positioning system of the ANTARES Neutrino Telescope. Journal of Instrumentation. 2012 Aug;7(8). T08002. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-0221/7/08/T08002
Adrián-Martínez, S. ; Ageron, M. ; Aguilar, A. ; Al Samarai, I. ; Albert, A. ; André, M. ; Anghinolfi, M. ; Anton, G. ; Anvar, S. ; Ardid, M. ; Assis Jesus, C. ; Astraatmadja, T. ; Aubert, J. J. ; Baret, B. ; Basa, S. ; Bertin, V. ; Biagi, S. ; Bigi, A. ; Bigongiari, C. ; Bogazzi, C. ; Bou-Cabo, M. ; Bouhou, B. ; Bouwhuis, C. ; Brunner, J. ; Busto, J. ; Camarena, F. ; Capone, A. ; Cârloganu, C. ; Carminati, G. ; Carr, J. ; Cecchini, S. ; Charif, Z. ; Charvis, Ph ; Chiarusi, T. ; Circella, M. ; Coniglione, R. ; Costantini, H. ; Coyle, P. ; Curtil, C. ; De Bonis, G. ; Decowski, P. ; Dekeyser, I. ; Deschamps, A. ; Distefano, C. ; Donzaud, C. ; Dornic, D. ; Dorosti, Q. ; Drouhin, D. ; Eberl, T. ; Emanuele, U. ; Enzenhöfer, A. ; Ernenwein, J. P. ; Escoffier, S. ; Fermani, P. ; Ferri, M. ; Flaminio, V. ; Folger, F. ; Fritsch, U. ; Fuda, J. L. ; Galatà, S. ; Gay, P. ; Giacomelli, G. ; Giordano, V. ; Gómez-González, P. ; Graf, K. ; Guillard, G. ; Halladjian, G. ; Hallewell, G. ; Van Haren, H. ; Hartman, J. ; Heijboer, J. ; Hello, Y. ; Hernández-Rey, J. ; Herold, B. ; Höl, J. ; Hsu, C. ; De Jong, M. ; Kadler, M. ; Kalekin, O. ; Kappes, A. ; Katz, U. ; Kavatsyuk, O. ; Keller, P. ; Kooijman, P. ; Kopper, C. ; Kouchner, A. ; Kreykenbohm, I. ; Kulikovskiy, V. ; Lahmann, R. ; Lamare, P. ; Larosa, G. ; Lattuada, D. ; Lefèvre, D. ; Le Van Suu, A. ; Lim, G. ; Lo Presti, D. ; Loehner, H. ; Loucatos, S. ; Mangano, S. ; Marcelin, M. ; Margiotta, A. ; Martínez-Mora, A. ; Meli, A. ; Montaruli, T. ; Moscoso, L. ; Motz, Holger Martin ; Neff, M. ; Nezri, E. ; Niess, V. ; Palioselitis, D. ; Pavalaş, E. ; Payet, K. ; Payre, P. ; Petrovic, J. ; Piattelli, P. ; Picot-Clemente, N. ; Popa, V. ; Pradier, T. ; Presani, E. ; Racca, C. ; Real, D. ; Reed, C. ; Riccobene, G. ; Richardt, C. ; Richter, R. ; Rivière, C. ; Robert, A. ; Roensch, K. ; Rostovtsev, A. ; Ruiz-Rivas, J. ; Rujoiu, M. ; Russo, V. ; Salesa, F. ; Samtleben, E. ; Schöck, F. ; Schuller, J. P. ; Schüssler, F. ; Seitz, T. ; Shanidze, R. ; Simeone, F. ; Spies, A. ; Spurio, M. ; Steijger, M. ; Stolarczyk, Th ; Sánchez-Losa, A. ; Taiuti, M. ; Tamburini, C. ; Toscano, S. ; Vallage, B. ; Van Elewyck, V. ; Vannoni, G. ; Vecchi, M. ; Vernin, P. ; Wagner, S. ; Wijnker, G. ; Wilms, J. ; De Wolf, E. ; Yepes, H. ; Zaborov, D. ; Zornoza, D. ; Zúñiga, J. / The positioning system of the ANTARES Neutrino Telescope. In: Journal of Instrumentation. 2012 ; Vol. 7, No. 8.
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title = "The positioning system of the ANTARES Neutrino Telescope",
abstract = "The ANTARES neutrino telescope, located 40 km off the coast of Toulon in the Mediterranean Sea at a mooring depth of about 2475 m, consists of twelve detection lines equipped typically with 25 storeys. Every storey carries three optical modules that detect Cherenkov light induced by charged secondary particles (typically muons) coming from neutrino interactions. As these lines are flexible structures fixed to the sea bed and held taut by a buoy, sea currents cause the lines to move and the storeys to rotate. The knowledge of the position of the optical modules with a precision better than 10 cm is essential for a good reconstruction of particle tracks. In this paper the ANTARES positioning system is described. It consists of an acoustic positioning system, for distance triangulation, and a compass-tiltmeter system, for the measurement of the orientation and inclination of the storeys. Necessary corrections are discussed and the results of the detector alignment procedure are described.",
keywords = "algorithms, architecture, charge transport, databases), Detector alignment and calibration methods (lasers, Detector control systems (detector and experiment monitoring and slow-control systems, Detector modelling and simulations II (electric fields, electron emission, etc), hardware, multiplication and induction, particle-beams), pulse formation, sources, Timing detectors",
author = "S. Adri{\'a}n-Mart{\'i}nez and M. Ageron and A. Aguilar and {Al Samarai}, I. and A. Albert and M. Andr{\'e} and M. Anghinolfi and G. Anton and S. Anvar and M. Ardid and {Assis Jesus}, C. and T. Astraatmadja and Aubert, {J. J.} and B. Baret and S. Basa and V. Bertin and S. Biagi and A. Bigi and C. Bigongiari and C. Bogazzi and M. Bou-Cabo and B. Bouhou and C. Bouwhuis and J. Brunner and J. Busto and F. Camarena and A. Capone and C. C{\^a}rloganu and G. Carminati and J. Carr and S. Cecchini and Z. Charif and Ph Charvis and T. Chiarusi and M. Circella and R. Coniglione and H. Costantini and P. Coyle and C. Curtil and {De Bonis}, G. and P. Decowski and I. Dekeyser and A. Deschamps and C. Distefano and C. Donzaud and D. Dornic and Q. Dorosti and D. Drouhin and T. Eberl and U. Emanuele and A. Enzenh{\"o}fer and Ernenwein, {J. P.} and S. Escoffier and P. Fermani and M. Ferri and V. Flaminio and F. Folger and U. Fritsch and Fuda, {J. L.} and S. Galat{\`a} and P. Gay and G. Giacomelli and V. Giordano and P. G{\'o}mez-Gonz{\'a}lez and K. Graf and G. Guillard and G. Halladjian and G. Hallewell and {Van Haren}, H. and J. Hartman and J. Heijboer and Y. Hello and J. Hern{\'a}ndez-Rey and B. Herold and J. H{\"o}l and C. Hsu and {De Jong}, M. and M. Kadler and O. Kalekin and A. Kappes and U. Katz and O. Kavatsyuk and P. Keller and P. Kooijman and C. Kopper and A. Kouchner and I. Kreykenbohm and V. Kulikovskiy and R. Lahmann and P. Lamare and G. Larosa and D. Lattuada and D. Lef{\`e}vre and {Le Van Suu}, A. and G. Lim and {Lo Presti}, D. and H. Loehner and S. Loucatos and S. Mangano and M. Marcelin and A. Margiotta and A. Mart{\'i}nez-Mora and A. Meli and T. Montaruli and L. Moscoso and Motz, {Holger Martin} and M. Neff and E. Nezri and V. Niess and D. Palioselitis and E. Pavalaş and K. Payet and P. Payre and J. Petrovic and P. Piattelli and N. Picot-Clemente and V. Popa and T. Pradier and E. Presani and C. Racca and D. Real and C. Reed and G. Riccobene and C. Richardt and R. Richter and C. Rivi{\`e}re and A. Robert and K. Roensch and A. Rostovtsev and J. Ruiz-Rivas and M. Rujoiu and V. Russo and F. Salesa and E. Samtleben and F. Sch{\"o}ck and Schuller, {J. P.} and F. Sch{\"u}ssler and T. Seitz and R. Shanidze and F. Simeone and A. Spies and M. Spurio and M. Steijger and Th Stolarczyk and A. S{\'a}nchez-Losa and M. Taiuti and C. Tamburini and S. Toscano and B. Vallage and {Van Elewyck}, V. and G. Vannoni and M. Vecchi and P. Vernin and S. Wagner and G. Wijnker and J. Wilms and {De Wolf}, E. and H. Yepes and D. Zaborov and D. Zornoza and J. Z{\'u}{\~n}iga",
year = "2012",
month = "8",
doi = "10.1088/1748-0221/7/08/T08002",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
journal = "Journal of Instrumentation",
issn = "1748-0221",
publisher = "IOP Publishing Ltd.",
number = "8",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The positioning system of the ANTARES Neutrino Telescope

AU - Adrián-Martínez, S.

AU - Ageron, M.

AU - Aguilar, A.

AU - Al Samarai, I.

AU - Albert, A.

AU - André, M.

AU - Anghinolfi, M.

AU - Anton, G.

AU - Anvar, S.

AU - Ardid, M.

AU - Assis Jesus, C.

AU - Astraatmadja, T.

AU - Aubert, J. J.

AU - Baret, B.

AU - Basa, S.

AU - Bertin, V.

AU - Biagi, S.

AU - Bigi, A.

AU - Bigongiari, C.

AU - Bogazzi, C.

AU - Bou-Cabo, M.

AU - Bouhou, B.

AU - Bouwhuis, C.

AU - Brunner, J.

AU - Busto, J.

AU - Camarena, F.

AU - Capone, A.

AU - Cârloganu, C.

AU - Carminati, G.

AU - Carr, J.

AU - Cecchini, S.

AU - Charif, Z.

AU - Charvis, Ph

AU - Chiarusi, T.

AU - Circella, M.

AU - Coniglione, R.

AU - Costantini, H.

AU - Coyle, P.

AU - Curtil, C.

AU - De Bonis, G.

AU - Decowski, P.

AU - Dekeyser, I.

AU - Deschamps, A.

AU - Distefano, C.

AU - Donzaud, C.

AU - Dornic, D.

AU - Dorosti, Q.

AU - Drouhin, D.

AU - Eberl, T.

AU - Emanuele, U.

AU - Enzenhöfer, A.

AU - Ernenwein, J. P.

AU - Escoffier, S.

AU - Fermani, P.

AU - Ferri, M.

AU - Flaminio, V.

AU - Folger, F.

AU - Fritsch, U.

AU - Fuda, J. L.

AU - Galatà, S.

AU - Gay, P.

AU - Giacomelli, G.

AU - Giordano, V.

AU - Gómez-González, P.

AU - Graf, K.

AU - Guillard, G.

AU - Halladjian, G.

AU - Hallewell, G.

AU - Van Haren, H.

AU - Hartman, J.

AU - Heijboer, J.

AU - Hello, Y.

AU - Hernández-Rey, J.

AU - Herold, B.

AU - Höl, J.

AU - Hsu, C.

AU - De Jong, M.

AU - Kadler, M.

AU - Kalekin, O.

AU - Kappes, A.

AU - Katz, U.

AU - Kavatsyuk, O.

AU - Keller, P.

AU - Kooijman, P.

AU - Kopper, C.

AU - Kouchner, A.

AU - Kreykenbohm, I.

AU - Kulikovskiy, V.

AU - Lahmann, R.

AU - Lamare, P.

AU - Larosa, G.

AU - Lattuada, D.

AU - Lefèvre, D.

AU - Le Van Suu, A.

AU - Lim, G.

AU - Lo Presti, D.

AU - Loehner, H.

AU - Loucatos, S.

AU - Mangano, S.

AU - Marcelin, M.

AU - Margiotta, A.

AU - Martínez-Mora, A.

AU - Meli, A.

AU - Montaruli, T.

AU - Moscoso, L.

AU - Motz, Holger Martin

AU - Neff, M.

AU - Nezri, E.

AU - Niess, V.

AU - Palioselitis, D.

AU - Pavalaş, E.

AU - Payet, K.

AU - Payre, P.

AU - Petrovic, J.

AU - Piattelli, P.

AU - Picot-Clemente, N.

AU - Popa, V.

AU - Pradier, T.

AU - Presani, E.

AU - Racca, C.

AU - Real, D.

AU - Reed, C.

AU - Riccobene, G.

AU - Richardt, C.

AU - Richter, R.

AU - Rivière, C.

AU - Robert, A.

AU - Roensch, K.

AU - Rostovtsev, A.

AU - Ruiz-Rivas, J.

AU - Rujoiu, M.

AU - Russo, V.

AU - Salesa, F.

AU - Samtleben, E.

AU - Schöck, F.

AU - Schuller, J. P.

AU - Schüssler, F.

AU - Seitz, T.

AU - Shanidze, R.

AU - Simeone, F.

AU - Spies, A.

AU - Spurio, M.

AU - Steijger, M.

AU - Stolarczyk, Th

AU - Sánchez-Losa, A.

AU - Taiuti, M.

AU - Tamburini, C.

AU - Toscano, S.

AU - Vallage, B.

AU - Van Elewyck, V.

AU - Vannoni, G.

AU - Vecchi, M.

AU - Vernin, P.

AU - Wagner, S.

AU - Wijnker, G.

AU - Wilms, J.

AU - De Wolf, E.

AU - Yepes, H.

AU - Zaborov, D.

AU - Zornoza, D.

AU - Zúñiga, J.

PY - 2012/8

Y1 - 2012/8

N2 - The ANTARES neutrino telescope, located 40 km off the coast of Toulon in the Mediterranean Sea at a mooring depth of about 2475 m, consists of twelve detection lines equipped typically with 25 storeys. Every storey carries three optical modules that detect Cherenkov light induced by charged secondary particles (typically muons) coming from neutrino interactions. As these lines are flexible structures fixed to the sea bed and held taut by a buoy, sea currents cause the lines to move and the storeys to rotate. The knowledge of the position of the optical modules with a precision better than 10 cm is essential for a good reconstruction of particle tracks. In this paper the ANTARES positioning system is described. It consists of an acoustic positioning system, for distance triangulation, and a compass-tiltmeter system, for the measurement of the orientation and inclination of the storeys. Necessary corrections are discussed and the results of the detector alignment procedure are described.

AB - The ANTARES neutrino telescope, located 40 km off the coast of Toulon in the Mediterranean Sea at a mooring depth of about 2475 m, consists of twelve detection lines equipped typically with 25 storeys. Every storey carries three optical modules that detect Cherenkov light induced by charged secondary particles (typically muons) coming from neutrino interactions. As these lines are flexible structures fixed to the sea bed and held taut by a buoy, sea currents cause the lines to move and the storeys to rotate. The knowledge of the position of the optical modules with a precision better than 10 cm is essential for a good reconstruction of particle tracks. In this paper the ANTARES positioning system is described. It consists of an acoustic positioning system, for distance triangulation, and a compass-tiltmeter system, for the measurement of the orientation and inclination of the storeys. Necessary corrections are discussed and the results of the detector alignment procedure are described.

KW - algorithms

KW - architecture

KW - charge transport

KW - databases)

KW - Detector alignment and calibration methods (lasers

KW - Detector control systems (detector and experiment monitoring and slow-control systems

KW - Detector modelling and simulations II (electric fields

KW - electron emission

KW - etc)

KW - hardware

KW - multiplication and induction

KW - particle-beams)

KW - pulse formation

KW - sources

KW - Timing detectors

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84865267586&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84865267586&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1088/1748-0221/7/08/T08002

DO - 10.1088/1748-0221/7/08/T08002

M3 - Article

VL - 7

JO - Journal of Instrumentation

JF - Journal of Instrumentation

SN - 1748-0221

IS - 8

M1 - T08002

ER -