The reactivity of linear alkyl carbonates toward metallic lithium: X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy studies in ultrahigh vacuum

Louis J. Rendek, Gary S. Chottiner, Daniel Alberto Scherson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) was used to examine the reactivity of metallic Li toward gas-phase symmetric and asymmetric alkyl linear carbonates of the form ROCO2R' (R and R' = -CH3, -CH2CH3) at room temperature in ultrahigh vacuum (UHV). Comparison of the C (1s) and O (1s) XPS features obtained in virtually identical experiments involving methanol and ethanol allowed LiOCH3 and LiOCH2CH3 to be clearly identified as the major products of the reaction between Li and dimethyl (DMC) and diethyl (DEC) carbonates, respectively, and a mixture of the two alkoxides for ethylmethyl (EMC) carbonate. These findings are in agreement with UHV Fourier transform infrared studies of the same systems reported earlier in our laboratory. Also found in the XPS spectra for ROCO2R'/Li interfaces was an O (1s) peak at 529.6 eV attributed to Li oxide. In the case of DEC and EMC, evidence was obtained for the presence of au additional O (1s) feature at 534.76 eV attributed to Li ethyl carbonate. This behavior was unlike that found for DMC for which no signals due to Li methyl carbonate could be discerned. The conclusions emerging from this study further support the general mechanism for Li reactivity toward ROCO2R' suggested by Aurbach and co-workers.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Volume149
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Oct 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Carbonates
Ultrahigh vacuum
Lithium
ultrahigh vacuum
carbonates
X ray photoelectron spectroscopy
reactivity
lithium
Electromagnetic compatibility
photoelectron spectroscopy
x rays
Oxides
Methanol
Fourier transforms
Ethanol
Gases
Infrared radiation
alkoxides
emerging
ethyl alcohol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Electrochemistry

Cite this

The reactivity of linear alkyl carbonates toward metallic lithium : X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy studies in ultrahigh vacuum. / Rendek, Louis J.; Chottiner, Gary S.; Scherson, Daniel Alberto.

In: Journal of the Electrochemical Society, Vol. 149, No. 10, 01.10.2002.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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