The role of GABAergic neuron on NMDA- and SP-induced phase delays in the suprachiasmatic nucleus neuronal activity rhythm in vitro

Toshiyuki Hamada, Shigenobu Shibata

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Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), and its biosynthetic enzyme, glutamic decarboxylase, are widely distributed in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN). In the present study, we examined the role of the GABAA receptor on in vitro SCN responses to photic-like signals. We found that 100 μM GABAA receptor antagonist bicuculline partially blocked field potentials evoked by optic nerve stimulation. NMDA- and SP-induced phase shifts of SCN neuronal activity rhythms, were blocked with 10 μM bicuculline. Application of 100 μM bicuculline alone induced phase advance of SCN neuronal activity rhythm. These results show that NMDA- and SP-induced phase shifts are blocked by bicuculline and suggest GABA has an important role as neurotransmitter in the neuronal network regulating phase shifts of the circadian clock.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)344-347
Number of pages4
JournalNeuroscience Letters
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Jan 14



  • Bicuculline
  • Circadian rhythm
  • Field potential
  • GABA
  • SCN firing rhythm
  • Suprachiasmatic nucleus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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