The utilization of thorium for long-life small thermal reactors without on-site refueling

Iyos Subki, Asril Pramutadi, S. N M Rida, Zaki Su'ud, R. Eka Sapta, S. Muh. Nurul, S. Topan, Yuli Astuti, Sedyartomo Soentono

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    10 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Thorium cycle has many advantages over uranium cycle in thermal and intermediate spectrum nuclear reactors. In addition to large amount of resources in the world which up to now still not utilized optimally, thorium based thermal reactors may have high internal conversion ratio so that they are very potential to be designed as long-life reactors without on-site refueling based on thermal spectrum cores. In this study preliminary study for application of thorium cycle in some of thermal reactors has been performed. We applied thorium cycle for small long-life high temperature gas reactors without on-site refueling. Calculation results using SRAC code show that 10 years lifetime without on-site refueling can be achieved with excess reactivity of about 10% dk/k. The next application of thorium cycle has been employed in long-life small and medium PWR cores without on-site refueling. Relatively high fuel volume fraction is also applied to get relatively hard spectrum, small size, and high internal conversion ratio. In the current study we have been able to reach more than 10 years lifetime without on-site refueling for 20-300 MWth PWR with maximum excess reactivity of a few %dk/k. The last application of thorium cycle has been employed in long-life BWR cores without on-site refueling. Relatively high fuel volume fraction is applied to get relatively hard spectrum, small size, and high internal conversion ratio. In the current study we have been able to reach more than 10 years lifetime without on-site refueling for 100-600 MWth BWR with maximum excess reactivity of a few %dk/k.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)152-156
    Number of pages5
    JournalProgress in Nuclear Energy
    Volume50
    Issue number2-6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2008 Mar

    Keywords

    • Excess reactivity
    • Hard spectrum
    • High internal conversion ratio
    • Long-life thermal reactors
    • SRAC code
    • Thorium cycle

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
    • Nuclear Energy and Engineering

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  • Cite this

    Subki, I., Pramutadi, A., Rida, S. N. M., Su'ud, Z., Eka Sapta, R., Muh. Nurul, S., Topan, S., Astuti, Y., & Soentono, S. (2008). The utilization of thorium for long-life small thermal reactors without on-site refueling. Progress in Nuclear Energy, 50(2-6), 152-156. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pnucene.2007.10.029