The variety of lithologies in the Yamato-86032 lunar meteorite: Implications for formation processes of the lunar crust

A. Yamaguchi, Y. Karouji, H. Takeda, L. Nyquist, D. Bogard, Mitsuru Ebihara, C. Y. Shih, Y. Reese, D. Garrison, J. Park, G. McKay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We performed a petrologic, mineralogical, geochemical, and isotopic study of several lithologies in the Y-86032 feldspathic breccia. This study leads us to conclude that Y-86032 likely originated on the lunar farside. Y-86032 is composed of several types of feldspathic clasts, granulitic breccias, and minor basaltic clasts set in a clastic matrix. We identify an " An97 anorthosite" that has An contents similar to those of nearside FANs. Mg' (= molar Mg/(Mg+Fe)×100) values vary significantly from ∼45 to ∼80 covering the ranges of both nearside FANs and the Mg' gap between FANs and the Mg-suite. A light-gray feldspathic (LG) breccia making up ∼20% of the investigated slab (5.2×3.6cm2) mainly consists of fragments of anorthosites (" An93 anorthosite" ) more sodic than nearside FANs. LG also contains an augite-plagioclase clast which either could be genetically related to the An93 anorthosite or to slowly-cooled basaltic magma intruded into the precursor rock. The Na-rich nature of both An93 anorthosite and this clast indicates that the LG breccia was derived from a relatively Na-rich but incompatible-element-poor source. The Mg' variation indicates that the " An97 anorthosite" is a genomict breccia of several types of primary anorthosites. Granulitic breccias in Y-86032 have relatively high Mg' in mafic minerals. The highest Mg' values in mafic minerals for the " An97 anorthosite" and granulitic breccias are similar to those of Mg-rich lithologies recently described in Dhofar 489. Basaltic clasts in the dark-gray matrix are aluminous, and the zoning trends of pyroxene are similar to those of VLT or LT basalts. The crystallization of these basaltic clasts pre-date the lithification age of the clastic matrix at ∼3.8Ga. The low K contents of plagioclase in both the anorthositic and basaltic clasts and generally low incompatible element abundances in all the lithologies in Y-86032 indicate that KREEP was not involved during the formation of the precursor lithologies. This observation further suggests that urKREEP did not exist in the source regions of these igneous lithologies. All these facts support the idea that Y-86032 was derived from a region far distant from the PKT and that the lithic clasts and fragments are indigenous to that region. An An97 anorthositic clast studied here has distinct Sm-Nd isotopic systematics from those previously found for another An97 anorthositic clast and " An93 anorthosite" , and suggests either that An97 anorthosites come from isotopically diverse sources, or that the Sm-Nd isotopic systematics of this clast were reset ∼4.3Ga ago. These lines of geochemical, isotopic, and petrologic evidence suggest that the lunar crust is geochemically more heterogeneous than previously thought.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4507-4530
Number of pages24
JournalGeochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
Volume74
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Aug 1
Externally publishedYes

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lunar meteorite
lunar crust
Meteorites
Lithology
anorthosite
clast
lithology
breccia
Minerals
Zoning
Crystallization
matrix
plagioclase
Rocks
lithification
augite
mineral
pyroxene
zoning
slab

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Cite this

The variety of lithologies in the Yamato-86032 lunar meteorite : Implications for formation processes of the lunar crust. / Yamaguchi, A.; Karouji, Y.; Takeda, H.; Nyquist, L.; Bogard, D.; Ebihara, Mitsuru; Shih, C. Y.; Reese, Y.; Garrison, D.; Park, J.; McKay, G.

In: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Vol. 74, No. 15, 01.08.2010, p. 4507-4530.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yamaguchi, A, Karouji, Y, Takeda, H, Nyquist, L, Bogard, D, Ebihara, M, Shih, CY, Reese, Y, Garrison, D, Park, J & McKay, G 2010, 'The variety of lithologies in the Yamato-86032 lunar meteorite: Implications for formation processes of the lunar crust', Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol. 74, no. 15, pp. 4507-4530. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2010.04.015
Yamaguchi, A. ; Karouji, Y. ; Takeda, H. ; Nyquist, L. ; Bogard, D. ; Ebihara, Mitsuru ; Shih, C. Y. ; Reese, Y. ; Garrison, D. ; Park, J. ; McKay, G. / The variety of lithologies in the Yamato-86032 lunar meteorite : Implications for formation processes of the lunar crust. In: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 2010 ; Vol. 74, No. 15. pp. 4507-4530.
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T1 - The variety of lithologies in the Yamato-86032 lunar meteorite

T2 - Implications for formation processes of the lunar crust

AU - Yamaguchi, A.

AU - Karouji, Y.

AU - Takeda, H.

AU - Nyquist, L.

AU - Bogard, D.

AU - Ebihara, Mitsuru

AU - Shih, C. Y.

AU - Reese, Y.

AU - Garrison, D.

AU - Park, J.

AU - McKay, G.

PY - 2010/8/1

Y1 - 2010/8/1

N2 - We performed a petrologic, mineralogical, geochemical, and isotopic study of several lithologies in the Y-86032 feldspathic breccia. This study leads us to conclude that Y-86032 likely originated on the lunar farside. Y-86032 is composed of several types of feldspathic clasts, granulitic breccias, and minor basaltic clasts set in a clastic matrix. We identify an " An97 anorthosite" that has An contents similar to those of nearside FANs. Mg' (= molar Mg/(Mg+Fe)×100) values vary significantly from ∼45 to ∼80 covering the ranges of both nearside FANs and the Mg' gap between FANs and the Mg-suite. A light-gray feldspathic (LG) breccia making up ∼20% of the investigated slab (5.2×3.6cm2) mainly consists of fragments of anorthosites (" An93 anorthosite" ) more sodic than nearside FANs. LG also contains an augite-plagioclase clast which either could be genetically related to the An93 anorthosite or to slowly-cooled basaltic magma intruded into the precursor rock. The Na-rich nature of both An93 anorthosite and this clast indicates that the LG breccia was derived from a relatively Na-rich but incompatible-element-poor source. The Mg' variation indicates that the " An97 anorthosite" is a genomict breccia of several types of primary anorthosites. Granulitic breccias in Y-86032 have relatively high Mg' in mafic minerals. The highest Mg' values in mafic minerals for the " An97 anorthosite" and granulitic breccias are similar to those of Mg-rich lithologies recently described in Dhofar 489. Basaltic clasts in the dark-gray matrix are aluminous, and the zoning trends of pyroxene are similar to those of VLT or LT basalts. The crystallization of these basaltic clasts pre-date the lithification age of the clastic matrix at ∼3.8Ga. The low K contents of plagioclase in both the anorthositic and basaltic clasts and generally low incompatible element abundances in all the lithologies in Y-86032 indicate that KREEP was not involved during the formation of the precursor lithologies. This observation further suggests that urKREEP did not exist in the source regions of these igneous lithologies. All these facts support the idea that Y-86032 was derived from a region far distant from the PKT and that the lithic clasts and fragments are indigenous to that region. An An97 anorthositic clast studied here has distinct Sm-Nd isotopic systematics from those previously found for another An97 anorthositic clast and " An93 anorthosite" , and suggests either that An97 anorthosites come from isotopically diverse sources, or that the Sm-Nd isotopic systematics of this clast were reset ∼4.3Ga ago. These lines of geochemical, isotopic, and petrologic evidence suggest that the lunar crust is geochemically more heterogeneous than previously thought.

AB - We performed a petrologic, mineralogical, geochemical, and isotopic study of several lithologies in the Y-86032 feldspathic breccia. This study leads us to conclude that Y-86032 likely originated on the lunar farside. Y-86032 is composed of several types of feldspathic clasts, granulitic breccias, and minor basaltic clasts set in a clastic matrix. We identify an " An97 anorthosite" that has An contents similar to those of nearside FANs. Mg' (= molar Mg/(Mg+Fe)×100) values vary significantly from ∼45 to ∼80 covering the ranges of both nearside FANs and the Mg' gap between FANs and the Mg-suite. A light-gray feldspathic (LG) breccia making up ∼20% of the investigated slab (5.2×3.6cm2) mainly consists of fragments of anorthosites (" An93 anorthosite" ) more sodic than nearside FANs. LG also contains an augite-plagioclase clast which either could be genetically related to the An93 anorthosite or to slowly-cooled basaltic magma intruded into the precursor rock. The Na-rich nature of both An93 anorthosite and this clast indicates that the LG breccia was derived from a relatively Na-rich but incompatible-element-poor source. The Mg' variation indicates that the " An97 anorthosite" is a genomict breccia of several types of primary anorthosites. Granulitic breccias in Y-86032 have relatively high Mg' in mafic minerals. The highest Mg' values in mafic minerals for the " An97 anorthosite" and granulitic breccias are similar to those of Mg-rich lithologies recently described in Dhofar 489. Basaltic clasts in the dark-gray matrix are aluminous, and the zoning trends of pyroxene are similar to those of VLT or LT basalts. The crystallization of these basaltic clasts pre-date the lithification age of the clastic matrix at ∼3.8Ga. The low K contents of plagioclase in both the anorthositic and basaltic clasts and generally low incompatible element abundances in all the lithologies in Y-86032 indicate that KREEP was not involved during the formation of the precursor lithologies. This observation further suggests that urKREEP did not exist in the source regions of these igneous lithologies. All these facts support the idea that Y-86032 was derived from a region far distant from the PKT and that the lithic clasts and fragments are indigenous to that region. An An97 anorthositic clast studied here has distinct Sm-Nd isotopic systematics from those previously found for another An97 anorthositic clast and " An93 anorthosite" , and suggests either that An97 anorthosites come from isotopically diverse sources, or that the Sm-Nd isotopic systematics of this clast were reset ∼4.3Ga ago. These lines of geochemical, isotopic, and petrologic evidence suggest that the lunar crust is geochemically more heterogeneous than previously thought.

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