The Water-ice Feature in Near-infrared Disk-scattered Light around HD 142527: Micron-sized Icy Grains Lifted up to the Disk Surface?

Ryo Tazaki*, Koji Murakawa, Takayuki Muto, Mitsuhiko Honda, Akio K. Inoue

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

We study the 3 μm scattering feature of water ice detected in the outer disk of HD 142527 by performing radiative transfer simulations. We show that an ice mass abundance at the outer disk surface of HD 142527 is much lower than estimated in a previous study. It is even lower than inferred from far-infrared ice observations, implying ice disruption at the disk surface. Next, we demonstrate that a polarization fraction of disk-scattered light varies across the ice-band wavelengths depending on ice grain properties; hence, polarimetric spectra would be another tool for characterizing water-ice properties. Finally, we argue that the observed reddish disk-scattered light is due to grains a few microns in size. To explain the presence of such grains at the disk surface, we need a mechanism that can efficiently oppose dust settling. If we assume turbulent mixing, our estimate requires α ≳ 2 × 10-3, where α is a nondimensional parameter describing the vertical diffusion coefficient of grains. Future observations probing gas kinematics would be helpful to elucidate vertical grain dynamics in the outer disk of HD 142527.

Original languageEnglish
Article number173
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume921
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Nov 10

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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