Superconcentrated electrolyte solutions are receiving increasing attention as a novel class of liquid electrolyte for secondary batteries because of their unusual and favorable characteristics, which arise from a unique solution structure with a very small number of free solvent molecules. The present theoretical study investigates the concentration dependence of the structural and dynamical properties of these electrolyte solutions for Na-ion batteries using large-scale quantum molecular dynamics simulations. Microscopic analysis of the dynamical properties of Na+ ions reveals that ligand (solvent/anion) exchange reactions, an alternative diffusion pathway for Na+ ions, are responsible for carrier ion diffusion in the superconcentrated conditions.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry