The experimental densification kinetics of 7.8 mol% Y2O3-stabilized zirconia was analyzed theoretically during isothermal sintering in the final stage. By taking concurrent grain growth into account, a possible value of the grain-size exponent n was examined. The Coble's corner-pore model recognized widely was found not to be applicable for explaining the densification kinetics. The corner-pore model of n = 4 shows a significant divergence in the kinetics at different temperatures. Microstructural observation shows that most pores are not located at grain corners and have a size comparable to the surrounding grains. The observed pore structure is similar to the diffusive model where single pore is surrounded by dense body. The diffusive model combined with theoretical sintering stress predicts n = 1 or n = 2, which shows a good consistence to the measured densification kinetics. During sintering of nano-sized powder, it is found that the densification kinetics can be explained distinctively by the diffusive single-pore model.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of the European Ceramic Society|
|Publication status||Published - 2019 Apr|
- Pore structure
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ceramics and Composites
- Materials Chemistry