Theoretical analysis of interactions between potassium ions and organic electrolyte solvents: A comparison with lithium, sodium, and magnesium ions

Masaki Okoshi, Yuki Yamada, Shinichi Komaba, Atsuo Yamada, Hiromi Nakai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

133 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ion–solvent interactions play a crucial role in secondary battery systems: the desolvation of ions at an electrode/electrolyte interface can be the rate-determining step of a battery reaction, for instance. The present theoretical study investigates the interactions between K ions and organic electrolyte solvents for application in non-aqueous K-ion batteries, which have recently drawn interest as novel rechargeable batteries. Compared to Li, Na, and Mg ions, K ions display the lowest interaction energy, reflecting the large ionic radius and weak Lewis acidity of K. The weak interaction of K ions with solvents is consistent with the high rate capability exhibited by K-ion batteries and the relatively low solubility of K-ion salts observed experimentally.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)A54-A60
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Volume164
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electrochemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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