Thermal dependency of shell growth, microstructure, and stable isotopes in laboratory-reared Scapharca broughtonii (Mollusca: Bivalvia)

Kozue Nishida, Atsushi Suzuki, Ryosuke Isono, Masahiro Hayashi, Yusuke Watanabe, Yuzo Yamamoto, Takahiro Irie, Yukihiro Nojiri, Chiharu Mori, Mizuho Sato, Kei Sato, Takenori Sasaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We experimentally examined the growth, microstructure, and chemistry of shells of the bloody clam, Scapharca broughtonii (Mollusca: Bivalvia), reared at five temperatures (13, 17, 21, 25, and 29°C) with a constant pCO2 condition (∼450 μatm). In this species, the exterior side of the shell is characterized by a composite prismatic structure; on the interior side, it has a crossed lamellar structure on the interior surface. We previously found a negative correlation between temperature and the relative thickness of the composite prismatic structure in field-collected specimens. In the reared specimens, the relationship curve between temperature and the growth increment of the composite prismatic structure was humped shaped, with a maximum at 17°C, which was compatible with the results obtained in the field-collected specimens. In contrast, the thickness of the crossed lamellar structure was constant over the temperature range tested. These results suggest that the composite prismatic structure principally accounts for the thermal dependency of shell growth, and this inference was supported by the finding that shell growth rates were significantly correlated with the thickness of the composite prismatic structure. We also found a negative relationship between the rearing temperature and δ18O of the shell margin, in close quantitative agreement with previous reports. The findings presented here will contribute to the improved age determination of fossil and recent clams based on seasonal microstructural records. Key Points: Thermal plasticity of shell microstructural formation was examined Relative volume of composite prismatic structure was greatest at cooler temperature Growth rates were correlated with volume of composite prismatic structure

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2395-2408
Number of pages14
JournalGeochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems
Volume16
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jul 1

Fingerprint

Composite structures
Isotopes
microstructure
stable isotope
isotopes
shell
Microstructure
composite materials
Lamellar structures
temperature
Temperature
chronology
fossils
age determination
Hot Temperature
laboratory
coolers
inference
plastic properties
rearing

Keywords

  • bivalve
  • experiment
  • Scapharca broughtonii
  • shell microstructure
  • stable isotopes
  • temperature experiment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Cite this

Thermal dependency of shell growth, microstructure, and stable isotopes in laboratory-reared Scapharca broughtonii (Mollusca : Bivalvia). / Nishida, Kozue; Suzuki, Atsushi; Isono, Ryosuke; Hayashi, Masahiro; Watanabe, Yusuke; Yamamoto, Yuzo; Irie, Takahiro; Nojiri, Yukihiro; Mori, Chiharu; Sato, Mizuho; Sato, Kei; Sasaki, Takenori.

In: Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, Vol. 16, No. 7, 01.07.2015, p. 2395-2408.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nishida, K, Suzuki, A, Isono, R, Hayashi, M, Watanabe, Y, Yamamoto, Y, Irie, T, Nojiri, Y, Mori, C, Sato, M, Sato, K & Sasaki, T 2015, 'Thermal dependency of shell growth, microstructure, and stable isotopes in laboratory-reared Scapharca broughtonii (Mollusca: Bivalvia)', Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, vol. 16, no. 7, pp. 2395-2408. https://doi.org/10.1002/2014GC005634
Nishida, Kozue ; Suzuki, Atsushi ; Isono, Ryosuke ; Hayashi, Masahiro ; Watanabe, Yusuke ; Yamamoto, Yuzo ; Irie, Takahiro ; Nojiri, Yukihiro ; Mori, Chiharu ; Sato, Mizuho ; Sato, Kei ; Sasaki, Takenori. / Thermal dependency of shell growth, microstructure, and stable isotopes in laboratory-reared Scapharca broughtonii (Mollusca : Bivalvia). In: Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems. 2015 ; Vol. 16, No. 7. pp. 2395-2408.
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AU - Suzuki, Atsushi

AU - Isono, Ryosuke

AU - Hayashi, Masahiro

AU - Watanabe, Yusuke

AU - Yamamoto, Yuzo

AU - Irie, Takahiro

AU - Nojiri, Yukihiro

AU - Mori, Chiharu

AU - Sato, Mizuho

AU - Sato, Kei

AU - Sasaki, Takenori

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N2 - We experimentally examined the growth, microstructure, and chemistry of shells of the bloody clam, Scapharca broughtonii (Mollusca: Bivalvia), reared at five temperatures (13, 17, 21, 25, and 29°C) with a constant pCO2 condition (∼450 μatm). In this species, the exterior side of the shell is characterized by a composite prismatic structure; on the interior side, it has a crossed lamellar structure on the interior surface. We previously found a negative correlation between temperature and the relative thickness of the composite prismatic structure in field-collected specimens. In the reared specimens, the relationship curve between temperature and the growth increment of the composite prismatic structure was humped shaped, with a maximum at 17°C, which was compatible with the results obtained in the field-collected specimens. In contrast, the thickness of the crossed lamellar structure was constant over the temperature range tested. These results suggest that the composite prismatic structure principally accounts for the thermal dependency of shell growth, and this inference was supported by the finding that shell growth rates were significantly correlated with the thickness of the composite prismatic structure. We also found a negative relationship between the rearing temperature and δ18O of the shell margin, in close quantitative agreement with previous reports. The findings presented here will contribute to the improved age determination of fossil and recent clams based on seasonal microstructural records. Key Points: Thermal plasticity of shell microstructural formation was examined Relative volume of composite prismatic structure was greatest at cooler temperature Growth rates were correlated with volume of composite prismatic structure

AB - We experimentally examined the growth, microstructure, and chemistry of shells of the bloody clam, Scapharca broughtonii (Mollusca: Bivalvia), reared at five temperatures (13, 17, 21, 25, and 29°C) with a constant pCO2 condition (∼450 μatm). In this species, the exterior side of the shell is characterized by a composite prismatic structure; on the interior side, it has a crossed lamellar structure on the interior surface. We previously found a negative correlation between temperature and the relative thickness of the composite prismatic structure in field-collected specimens. In the reared specimens, the relationship curve between temperature and the growth increment of the composite prismatic structure was humped shaped, with a maximum at 17°C, which was compatible with the results obtained in the field-collected specimens. In contrast, the thickness of the crossed lamellar structure was constant over the temperature range tested. These results suggest that the composite prismatic structure principally accounts for the thermal dependency of shell growth, and this inference was supported by the finding that shell growth rates were significantly correlated with the thickness of the composite prismatic structure. We also found a negative relationship between the rearing temperature and δ18O of the shell margin, in close quantitative agreement with previous reports. The findings presented here will contribute to the improved age determination of fossil and recent clams based on seasonal microstructural records. Key Points: Thermal plasticity of shell microstructural formation was examined Relative volume of composite prismatic structure was greatest at cooler temperature Growth rates were correlated with volume of composite prismatic structure

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