Thermal instability in a magnetically levitated doubly overhung rotor

Naohiko Takahashi, Shigehiko Kaneko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper deals with a synchronous vibration instability that occurred in a two-stage overhung centrifugal compressor supported by magnetic bearings. The authors encountered an unbalance vibration that increased spirally in a polar plot at/near the first bending critical speed. The concentration of iron loss and thermal bending due to heat have been identified as the causes of the phenomenon, because the vibration stopped increasing when unbalance force rejection control (UFRC) was applied. In this paper, prior to an in-depth discussion of experiments on the above phenomenon, the compressor and magnetic bearing system are described. To provide a theoretical perspective, a model of the thermally induced vibration is presented and the stability is discussed. In the experiments, to exceed the first bending critical speed stably, balancing of the rotor under UFRC was carried out and rapid acceleration/deceleration was applied to the variable-speed drive system. The vibration behaviors around the critical speed were measured and the results verified the theoretical model. To evaluate the stability limit of the thermal bending, a method of measuring the model parameter that determines the stability is proposed and the measured data are compared with calculated results. Finally, methods for improving the stability are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1188-1203
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Sound and Vibration
Volume332
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Mar 4
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

thermal instability
rotors
Rotors
critical velocity
vibration
magnetic bearings
Magnetic bearings
rejection
centrifugal compressors
Variable speed drives
Centrifugal compressors
Deceleration
deceleration
compressors
Compressors
plots
Experiments
Hot Temperature
Iron
iron

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Thermal instability in a magnetically levitated doubly overhung rotor. / Takahashi, Naohiko; Kaneko, Shigehiko.

In: Journal of Sound and Vibration, Vol. 332, No. 5, 04.03.2013, p. 1188-1203.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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