Thermal responsiveness of fusible sprinkler and its actuation below a confined ceiling

Yuji Hasemi, Shinji Sako

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In order to improve the predictability of sprinkler response time for a confined ceiling, thermal properties of fusible sprinkler and environment of sprinklers below a confined ceiling during fire are discussed. A method of estimating the heat loss from a fusible link of the sprinkler fitting and the response of the link to external radiation is proposed. Measurements of temperature, velocity, radiation, and sprinkler response time below a ceiling are made in a 1 1.1m × 8.1m confined enclosure. The measured temperature and velocity are found to be close to previous theory for an unconfined ceiling if a correction for the existence of smoke layer is applied. Finally measured sprinkler response time is compared with calculation based on measured temperature, velocity and radiation history. The result shows the significance of radiation from the fire source in the determination of sprinkler response times.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalBulletin of Japan Association for Fire Science and Engineering
Volume38
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1988
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Ceilings
Radiation
Fires
Enclosures
Heat losses
Smoke
Temperature
Thermodynamic properties
Hot Temperature

Keywords

  • ceiling jets
  • heat loss
  • radiation
  • response time
  • sprinkler

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "In order to improve the predictability of sprinkler response time for a confined ceiling, thermal properties of fusible sprinkler and environment of sprinklers below a confined ceiling during fire are discussed. A method of estimating the heat loss from a fusible link of the sprinkler fitting and the response of the link to external radiation is proposed. Measurements of temperature, velocity, radiation, and sprinkler response time below a ceiling are made in a 1 1.1m × 8.1m confined enclosure. The measured temperature and velocity are found to be close to previous theory for an unconfined ceiling if a correction for the existence of smoke layer is applied. Finally measured sprinkler response time is compared with calculation based on measured temperature, velocity and radiation history. The result shows the significance of radiation from the fire source in the determination of sprinkler response times.",
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AU - Sako, Shinji

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N2 - In order to improve the predictability of sprinkler response time for a confined ceiling, thermal properties of fusible sprinkler and environment of sprinklers below a confined ceiling during fire are discussed. A method of estimating the heat loss from a fusible link of the sprinkler fitting and the response of the link to external radiation is proposed. Measurements of temperature, velocity, radiation, and sprinkler response time below a ceiling are made in a 1 1.1m × 8.1m confined enclosure. The measured temperature and velocity are found to be close to previous theory for an unconfined ceiling if a correction for the existence of smoke layer is applied. Finally measured sprinkler response time is compared with calculation based on measured temperature, velocity and radiation history. The result shows the significance of radiation from the fire source in the determination of sprinkler response times.

AB - In order to improve the predictability of sprinkler response time for a confined ceiling, thermal properties of fusible sprinkler and environment of sprinklers below a confined ceiling during fire are discussed. A method of estimating the heat loss from a fusible link of the sprinkler fitting and the response of the link to external radiation is proposed. Measurements of temperature, velocity, radiation, and sprinkler response time below a ceiling are made in a 1 1.1m × 8.1m confined enclosure. The measured temperature and velocity are found to be close to previous theory for an unconfined ceiling if a correction for the existence of smoke layer is applied. Finally measured sprinkler response time is compared with calculation based on measured temperature, velocity and radiation history. The result shows the significance of radiation from the fire source in the determination of sprinkler response times.

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