Thermo-hydraulic instability of boiling natural circulation loop induced by flashing (analytical consideration)

F. Inada*, M. Furuya, A. Yasuo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

64 Citations (Scopus)


An analytical study is presented on the thermo-hydraulic stability of a boiling natural circulation loop with a chimney at low pressure start-up. The effect of flashing induced by the pressure drop in the channel and the chimney due to gravity head on the instability is considered. A method to analyze linear stability is developed, in which a drift-flux model is used. The analytical result of a stability map agrees very well with the experimental one obtained in a previous report. Instability does not occur when the heater power is too low to generate voids in the chimney and only natural circulation of single phase can be induced. Instability tends to occur when boiling occurs only near the chimney exit due to flashing. This instability phenomenon has some similarities with density wave oscillation, such as the phase difference of temperature between the boiling region and non-boiling region, and the oscillation period which is near to the time required for fluid to pass through the chimney. However, there are also some differences from density wave oscillation, such as the boiling region is very short, and pressure fluctuation can affect void fraction fluctuation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)187-199
Number of pages13
JournalNuclear Engineering and Design
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Aug
Externally publishedYes
EventNURETH-8: 8th International Meeting on 'Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics' - Kyoto, Jpn
Duration: 1997 Sep 301997 Oct 4

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Mechanical Engineering


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