Thermoreversible poly(alkyl acrylates) consisting of self-complementary multiple hydrogen bonding

Koji Yamauchi, Jeremy R. Lizotte, Timothy Edward Long

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202 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The synthesis and characterization of novel self-complementary multiple hydrogen-bonded (SCMHB) polymers containing pendant 2-ureido-4[1H]-pyrimidone (UPy) units are described. SCMHB pendant polymers, poly(butyl acrylate-co-SCMHB methacrylate), were prepared via free radical copolymerization of butyl acrylate (BA) and a novel SCMHB methacrylate (SCMHB MA) monomer, which was synthesized via a quantitative coupling reaction between 2-isocyanatoethyl methacrylate (ICEMA) and methyl isocytosine (MIS) in DMSO. The glass transition temperatures of poly(BA-co-SCMHB MA) increased in a linear fashion as the SCMHB MA content increased. Thermogravimetric analysis of the copolymers exhibited an onset of weight loss at 217 °C. Solution viscosity analysis indicated that SCMHB pendant polymers strongly aggregated in nonpolar solvents, such as toluene and CHCl3, and dissociated in polar solvents, such as THF. Based on melt theological characterization, the melt viscosity of soluble SCMHB pendant polymers was an order of magnitude higher than that of PBA due to strong aggregation in the melt state. SCMHB pendant polymers exhibited thermoreversible characteristics, and complete dissociation in the melt state was observed at 80 °C, which was consistent with our earlier studies involving SCMHB-terminated poly(styrene) (PS), poly(isoprene) (PI), and PS-b-PI block copolymers. In addition, SCMHB units completely dissociated at 80 °C in toluene on the basis of 1H NMR measurements. The 90° peel strength values for SCMHB-containing polymers increased as the SCMHB units increased due to the strong interaction of SCMHB units with the glass surface. Thin-layer chromatography indicated that the interaction of SCMHB pendant polymers with silica was more favorable compared to PBA homopolymer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1083-1088
Number of pages6
JournalMacromolecules
Volume36
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Feb 25
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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