Three dimensional tongue with liquid sealing mechanism for improving resonance on an anthropomorphic talking robot

Kotaro Fukui, Yuma Ishikawa, Keisuke Ohno, Nana Sakakibara, Masaaki Honda, Atsuo Takanishi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have developed a new, three dimensional vocal tract mechanical model for an anthropomorphic talking robot WT-7R (Waseda Talker No. 7 Refined), to improve the resonance of the vocal tract. The Waseda Talker robot series aims to reproduce the human speech mechanism with three-dimensional accuracy. The tongue of the previous model, WT-7 (Waseda Talker No. 7), was made of rigid links and covered with a thermoplastic rubber (Septon). This mechanism could deform the tongue shape and work as a part of the vocal tract, however, the cover thickness was not sufficient enough to prevent sound leakage, and did not have sufficient resonance. As a result, the produced sounds were unclear. To resolve this problem, the inner area of the tongue was filled with liquid. We experimented to select the filling liquid which is minimizes damage to the Septon cover and provides adequate resonance characteristics. The ethylene glycol was selected because it does little damage to the Septon and is relatively non-flammable. An oil seal and liquid gasket prevent leakage into the robot. WT-7 also has problems with its tongue link deformation range and open lip control range - these problems were also addressed. The improvements made the vowel production of WT-7R clearer than that of the previous robot, and the bandwidth of the formant peak in spectral analysis became sharper.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2009 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, IROS 2009
Pages5456-5462
Number of pages7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Dec 11
Event2009 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, IROS 2009 - St. Louis, MO, United States
Duration: 2009 Oct 112009 Oct 15

Publication series

Name2009 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, IROS 2009

Conference

Conference2009 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, IROS 2009
CountryUnited States
CitySt. Louis, MO
Period09/10/1109/10/15

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Control and Systems Engineering

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