Transient myeloproliferative disorder (TMD) in neonates with Down syndrome is characterized by increased megakaryoblastic cells in the peripheral blood. Despite their spontaneous regression in weeks, prognosis is not always favorable because of fatal hepatic fibrosis. In this study, blood thrombopoietin (TPO) levels were measured by ELISA in six TMD patients and the expression of c-Mpl, a ligand for TPO, was examined on the blast cells from four patients by flow cytometer. At the onset, TPO level was undetectable in one patient and significantly lower in five patients than six neonatal controls (mean 0.52 fmol/ml, range 0.30-0.93 vs. 3.70, 1.38-8.33, P < 0.001), although platelet counts were similar (mean 321 x 109/l, range 42- 1,040 vs. 253 x 109/l, 124-381). Two patients died of hepatic failure. TPO levels were measured in five patients after regression of the blast cells. With regression of blast cells, TPO levels were remarkably increased in four survived patients. In one patient with hepatic failure, TPO level was poorly elevated and relatively lower compared to the others. TPO levels were inversely correlated with blast numbers (r = -0.85, P < 0.001), but not with platelet counts (r = 0.426). Blast cells from four patients were all positive for c-Mpl. Our findings suggest that megakaryocyte mass is a major regulator of TPO levels and hepatic failure may affect the TPO level because liver is a major source of TPO production.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||American Journal of Hematology|
|Publication status||Published - 1998 Aug|
- Down syndrome
- Transient myeloproliferative disorder (TMD)
ASJC Scopus subject areas