Time calibration of the ANTARES neutrino telescope

J. A. Aguilar, I. Al Samarai, A. Albert, M. André, M. Anghinolfi, G. Anton, S. Anvar, M. Ardid, A. C. Assis Jesus, T. Astraatmadja, J. J. Aubert, R. Auer, B. Baret, S. Basa, M. Bazzotti, V. Bertin, S. Biagi, C. Bigongiari, M. Bou-Cabo, M. C. BouwhuisA. M. Brown, J. Brunner, J. Busto, F. Camarena, A. Capone, C. Cârloganu, G. Carminati, J. Carr, S. Cecchini, Ph Charvis, T. Chiarusi, M. Circella, H. Costantini, N. Cottini, P. Coyle, C. Curtil, M. P. Decowski, I. Dekeyser, A. Deschamps, C. Distefano, C. Donzaud, D. Dornic, D. Drouhin, T. Eberl, U. Emanuele, J. P. Ernenwein, S. Escoffier, F. Fehr, V. Flaminio, U. Fritsch, J. L. Fuda, S. Galata, P. Gay, G. Giacomelli, J. P. Gómez-González, K. Graf, G. Guillard, G. Halladjian, G. Hallewell, H. Van Haren, A. J. Heijboer, Y. Hello, J. J. Hernández-Rey, B. Herold, J. Hößl, C. C. Hsu, M. De Jong, M. Kadler, N. Kalantar-Nayestanaki, O. Kalekin, A. Kappes, U. Katz, P. Kooijman, C. Kopper, A. Kouchner, V. Kulikovskiy, R. Lahmann, P. Lamare, G. Larosa, D. Lefvre, G. Lim, D. Lo Presti, H. Loehner, S. Loucatos, F. Lucarelli, S. Mangano, M. Marcelin, A. Margiotta, J. A. Martinez-Mora, A. Mazure, T. Montaruli, M. Morganti, L. Moscoso, H. Motz, C. Naumann, M. Neff, D. Palioselitis, G. E. Pvla, P. Payre, J. Petrovic, P. Piattelli, N. Picot-Clemente, C. Picq, V. Popa, T. Pradier, E. Presani, C. Racca, C. Reed, G. Riccobene, C. Richardt, M. Rujoiu, G. V. Russo, F. Salesa, P. Sapienzap, F. Schöck, J. P. Schuller, R. Shanidze, F. Simeone, A. Spies, M. Spurio, J. J.M. Steijger, Th Stolarczyk, M. Taiuti, C. Tamburini, L. Tasca, S. Toscano, B. Vallage, V. Van Elewyck, G. Vannoni, M. Vecchi, P. Vernin, G. Wijnker, E. De Wolf, H. Yepes, D. Zaborov, J. D. Zornoza, J. Zúñiga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

90 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The ANTARES deep-sea neutrino telescope comprises a three-dimensional array of photomultipliers to detect the Cherenkov light induced by upgoing relativistic charged particles originating from neutrino interactions in the vicinity of the detector. The large scattering length of light in the deep sea facilitates an angular resolution of a few tenths of a degree for neutrino energies exceeding 10 TeV. In order to achieve this optimal performance, the time calibration procedures should ensure a relative time calibration between the photomultipliers at the level of ∼1 ns. The methods developed to attain this level of precision are described.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)539-549
Number of pages11
JournalAstroparticle Physics
Volume34
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Feb

Keywords

  • ANTARES
  • Neutrino telescopes
  • Time calibration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

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    Aguilar, J. A., Al Samarai, I., Albert, A., André, M., Anghinolfi, M., Anton, G., Anvar, S., Ardid, M., Assis Jesus, A. C., Astraatmadja, T., Aubert, J. J., Auer, R., Baret, B., Basa, S., Bazzotti, M., Bertin, V., Biagi, S., Bigongiari, C., Bou-Cabo, M., ... Zúñiga, J. (2011). Time calibration of the ANTARES neutrino telescope. Astroparticle Physics, 34(7), 539-549. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.astropartphys.2010.12.004