Time-dependent deformation of CFRP quasi-isotropic laminates caused by relaxation of thermal residual stress and physical aging

Tomoyuki Niwa, Yoshihiko Arao, Hiroyuki Kawada

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1 Citation (Scopus)


In this paper, time-dependent dimensional change in quasi-isotropic laminates induced by relaxation of thermal residual stress and physical aging was predicted by the classical lamination theory. CFRP with pitch-based carbon fiber and cyanate ester resin was chosen for the study. Viscoelastic properties were investigated by performing tensile creep test for unidirectional laminates in the transverse direction. In addition, shrinkage strain induced by physical aging was studied by measuring the strain change of unidirectional laminates as well. Shrinkage strain in off-axis layers was calculated by using the coordinate-transform method. Shrinkage strain in 60° and 45° laminates were measured and the results were compared with the calculation. From the comparison, it was found that shrinkage strain of off-axis layers can be calculated by using the coordinate-transform method. Experimental results were applied to the classical theory in order to predict the time-dependent dimensional change of quasi-isotropic laminates. The strain change in quasi-isotropic laminates was obtained experimentally, and the result was compared with the prediction. It was verified that the time-dependent deformation of quasi-isotropic laminates can be predicted with a με-order by using proposed prediction method.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)950-960
Number of pages11
JournalNihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, A Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part A
Issue number803
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Aug 19



  • Composite Material
  • Physical Aging
  • Residual Stress
  • Stress Relaxation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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