Total immobilization of the extrinsic 33 kDa protein in spinach Photosystem II membrane preparations. Protein stoichiometry and stabilization of oxygen evolution

Isao Enami, Mari Kaneko, Nobuhito Kitamura, Hiroyuki Koike, Kintake Sonoike, Yorinao Inoue, Sakae Katoh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

67 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

(1) Treatment of oxygen-evolving Photosystem II membrane fragments (PS II membranes) with a zero-length crosslinker, l-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide (EDC) led to immobilization of all the extrinsic 33 kDa protein molecules without any significant effects on the oxygen-evolving activity and oscillation patterns of flash-induced oxygen evolution and thermoluminescence B band. (2) With increasing concentration of EDC, the chlorophyll-binding 47 kDa protein decreased in parallel with the 33 kDa protein, yielding a crosslinked product consisting of one each of the two proteins. The results, which indicate that the two proteins are present in equimolar amounts in PS II membranes, are consistent with the stoichiometry of one copy of the 33 kDa protein per PS II unit. (3) The total immobilization of the 33 kDa protein stabilized 40 to 60% of the oxygen-evolving activity against urea/NaCl−, CaCl2− and MgCl2-wash, which otherwise solubilize the three extrinsic proteins and strongly inactivate oxygen evolution. The result implies that extraction of the extrinsic proteins may not be the sole cause of the inactivation of oxygen evolution by these treatments. (4) The crosslinking of the 33 kDa protein with EDC had no protecting effect against Tris-, NH2OH- and pH 9.0-treatments. However, the stability of oxygen evolution at alkaline pH levels was slightly but significantly increased by treatment of PS II membranes with dithiobis(suc-cinimidylpropionate), which specifically modifies amino groups.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)224-232
Number of pages9
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Bioenergetics
Volume1060
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1991 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • 3-(3′,4′-dichlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethylurea
  • 4-morpholineethanesulfonic acid
  • CBB
  • Coomassie brilliant blue R-250
  • Crosslinking
  • DCMU
  • DSP
  • EDC
  • Extrinsic 33 kDa protein
  • Immobilization
  • LDS
  • LHC II
  • Mes
  • Oxygen evolution, stabilization
  • PS II
  • Protein stoichiometry
  • Protein, 47 kDa
  • dithiobis(succinimi-dylpropionate)
  • l-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)-carbodi-imide
  • light-harvesting chlorophyll a/b protein of PS II
  • lithium laurylsulfate
  • photosystem II

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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