Marinomycins A-C (1-3), and their monomeric analogues monomarinomycin A (m-1) and iso-monomarinomycin A (m-2), were synthesized by a convergent strategy from key building blocks ketophosphonate 5, aldehyde 6, and dienyl bromide carboxylic acid 7. The first attempt to construct marinomycin A [1, convertible to marinomycins B (2) and C (3) by light] by direct Suzuki-type dimerization/ cyclization of boronic acid dienyl bromide 4 led to premature ring closure to afford, after global desilylation, monomarinomycin A (m-1) and iso-monomarinomycin A (m-2) in good yield and only small amounts (≤2%) of the desired product. A subsequent stepwise approach based on Suzuki-type couplings improved considerably the overall yield of marinomycin A (1), and hence of marinomycins B (2) and C (3). Alternative direct dimerization approaches based on the Stille and Heck coupling reactions also led to monomarinomycins A (m-1 and m-2), but failed to deliver useful amounts of marinomycin A (1).
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