Toward streaming ASR with non-autoregressive insertion-based model

Yuya Fujita, Tianzi Wang, Shinji Watanabe, Motoi Omachi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Neural end-to-end (E2E) models have become a promising technique to realize practical automatic speech recognition (ASR) systems. When realizing such a system, one important issue is the segmentation of audio to deal with streaming input or long recording. After audio segmentation, the ASR model with a small real-time factor (RTF) is preferable because the latency of the system can be faster. Recently, E2E ASR based on non-autoregressive models becomes a promising approach since it can decode an N-length token sequence with less than N iterations. We propose a system to concatenate audio segmentation and non-autoregressive ASR to realize high accuracy and low RTF ASR. As a non-autoregressive ASR, the insertion-based model is used. In addition, instead of concatenating separated models for segmentation and ASR, we introduce a new architecture that realizes audio segmentation and non-autoregressive ASR by a single neural network. Experimental results on Japanese and English dataset show that the method achieved a reasonable trade-off between accuracy and RTF compared with baseline autoregressive Transformer and connectionist temporal classification.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication22nd Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association, INTERSPEECH 2021
PublisherInternational Speech Communication Association
Pages1426-1430
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781713836902
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes
Event22nd Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association, INTERSPEECH 2021 - Brno, Czech Republic
Duration: 2021 Aug 302021 Sep 3

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association, INTERSPEECH
Volume2
ISSN (Print)2308-457X
ISSN (Electronic)1990-9772

Conference

Conference22nd Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association, INTERSPEECH 2021
Country/TerritoryCzech Republic
CityBrno
Period21/8/3021/9/3

Keywords

  • ASR
  • Audio segmentation
  • End-to-end
  • Non-autoregressive

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Signal Processing
  • Software
  • Modelling and Simulation

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