Track analysis, simulation, and field survey of the 2013 Typhoon Haiyan storm surge

H. Takagi, Miguel Esteban, Tomoya Shibayama, T. Mikami, R. Matsumaru, M. De Leon, N. D. Thao, Takahiro Oyama, R. Nakamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The authors have examined the characteristics of Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda), which made landfall on the coast of the Philippines on November 2013, generating a substantial storm surge. In order to better understand the storm surge phenomenon, its nature and severity were analysed by means of a numerical simulation and a field survey. Unlike most other tropical cyclones that weaken before they hit land, Haiyan struck Leyte Island at near peak strength, with maximum sustained wind speeds of 160 knots, the strongest in the recorded history of the Western North Pacific. Haiyan approached very quickly with a forward speed of 41km/h towards Leyte, which was also the fastest among typhoons with similar intensities. As a result of these extreme gusts and the exceptionally low central pressure of the typhoon (895hPa), Haiyan caused the largest storm surge in the recorded history of the Philippines. Numerical simulations show that the maximum storm surges occurred in Leyte Island and Samar Island. A storm surge field survey conducted by the authors corroborated this, with maximum inundation height of 7m recorded in Tacloban, located at the northern end of Leyte Gulf. The simulation results also corroborate the fact that water levels at some locations first lowered and then rapidly began to increase after an hour.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Flood Risk Management
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2015

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storm surge
field survey
Philippines
simulation
typhoon
history
gust
water
tropical cyclone
water level
Computer simulation
wind velocity
Water levels
analysis
Typhoon Haiyan 2013
Coastal zones
coast

Keywords

  • Field survey
  • Numerical simulation
  • Philippines
  • Storm surge
  • Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda)
  • Typhoon track analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Geography, Planning and Development

Cite this

Track analysis, simulation, and field survey of the 2013 Typhoon Haiyan storm surge. / Takagi, H.; Esteban, Miguel; Shibayama, Tomoya; Mikami, T.; Matsumaru, R.; De Leon, M.; Thao, N. D.; Oyama, Takahiro; Nakamura, R.

In: Journal of Flood Risk Management, 2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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