Transformation of Mesostructured Silica Nanoparticles into Colloidal Hollow Nanoparticles in the Presence of a Bridged-Organosiloxane Shell

Eisuke Yamamoto, Saki Uchida, Atsushi Shimojima, Hiroaki Wada, Kazuyuki Kuroda

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    6 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Hollow siloxane-based nanoparticles (HSNs) have attracted significant attention because of their unique properties and applications. Recently, it was discovered that the simple covering of silica nanoparticles with an organosiloxane shell leads to the spontaneous formation of HSNs; however, the detailed mechanism of their formation has not yet been established. In this study, colloidal 30 nm HSNs were prepared by adding organically bridged alkoxysilane to an aqueous dispersion of mesostructured silica-surfactant composite nanoparticles, and the temporal changes of the morphology and chemical state of the nanoparticles were monitored to elucidate the formation mechanism. Core silica was dissolved after the formation of the core-shell structured nanoparticles, and almost all the dissolved silicate species were incorporated in the organosiloxane shell, changing the shell thickness. Two conditions were essential for silica dissolution induced by covering with organosiloxane: (i) presence of a sufficient amount of uncondensed Si-OH groups in the organosiloxane shell, and (ii) elevated temperature and pH for the promotion of the hydrolysis of silica. These findings will enable the fabrication of various HSNs through organosiloxane-induced silica dissolution and redeposition.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)540-548
    Number of pages9
    JournalChemistry of Materials
    Volume30
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 23

    Fingerprint

    Silicon Dioxide
    Silica
    Siloxanes
    Nanoparticles
    Dissolution
    Silicates
    Surface-Active Agents
    Hydrolysis
    Surface active agents
    Fabrication
    Composite materials

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Chemistry(all)
    • Chemical Engineering(all)
    • Materials Chemistry

    Cite this

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    title = "Transformation of Mesostructured Silica Nanoparticles into Colloidal Hollow Nanoparticles in the Presence of a Bridged-Organosiloxane Shell",
    abstract = "Hollow siloxane-based nanoparticles (HSNs) have attracted significant attention because of their unique properties and applications. Recently, it was discovered that the simple covering of silica nanoparticles with an organosiloxane shell leads to the spontaneous formation of HSNs; however, the detailed mechanism of their formation has not yet been established. In this study, colloidal 30 nm HSNs were prepared by adding organically bridged alkoxysilane to an aqueous dispersion of mesostructured silica-surfactant composite nanoparticles, and the temporal changes of the morphology and chemical state of the nanoparticles were monitored to elucidate the formation mechanism. Core silica was dissolved after the formation of the core-shell structured nanoparticles, and almost all the dissolved silicate species were incorporated in the organosiloxane shell, changing the shell thickness. Two conditions were essential for silica dissolution induced by covering with organosiloxane: (i) presence of a sufficient amount of uncondensed Si-OH groups in the organosiloxane shell, and (ii) elevated temperature and pH for the promotion of the hydrolysis of silica. These findings will enable the fabrication of various HSNs through organosiloxane-induced silica dissolution and redeposition.",
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    AU - Uchida, Saki

    AU - Shimojima, Atsushi

    AU - Wada, Hiroaki

    AU - Kuroda, Kazuyuki

    PY - 2018/1/23

    Y1 - 2018/1/23

    N2 - Hollow siloxane-based nanoparticles (HSNs) have attracted significant attention because of their unique properties and applications. Recently, it was discovered that the simple covering of silica nanoparticles with an organosiloxane shell leads to the spontaneous formation of HSNs; however, the detailed mechanism of their formation has not yet been established. In this study, colloidal 30 nm HSNs were prepared by adding organically bridged alkoxysilane to an aqueous dispersion of mesostructured silica-surfactant composite nanoparticles, and the temporal changes of the morphology and chemical state of the nanoparticles were monitored to elucidate the formation mechanism. Core silica was dissolved after the formation of the core-shell structured nanoparticles, and almost all the dissolved silicate species were incorporated in the organosiloxane shell, changing the shell thickness. Two conditions were essential for silica dissolution induced by covering with organosiloxane: (i) presence of a sufficient amount of uncondensed Si-OH groups in the organosiloxane shell, and (ii) elevated temperature and pH for the promotion of the hydrolysis of silica. These findings will enable the fabrication of various HSNs through organosiloxane-induced silica dissolution and redeposition.

    AB - Hollow siloxane-based nanoparticles (HSNs) have attracted significant attention because of their unique properties and applications. Recently, it was discovered that the simple covering of silica nanoparticles with an organosiloxane shell leads to the spontaneous formation of HSNs; however, the detailed mechanism of their formation has not yet been established. In this study, colloidal 30 nm HSNs were prepared by adding organically bridged alkoxysilane to an aqueous dispersion of mesostructured silica-surfactant composite nanoparticles, and the temporal changes of the morphology and chemical state of the nanoparticles were monitored to elucidate the formation mechanism. Core silica was dissolved after the formation of the core-shell structured nanoparticles, and almost all the dissolved silicate species were incorporated in the organosiloxane shell, changing the shell thickness. Two conditions were essential for silica dissolution induced by covering with organosiloxane: (i) presence of a sufficient amount of uncondensed Si-OH groups in the organosiloxane shell, and (ii) elevated temperature and pH for the promotion of the hydrolysis of silica. These findings will enable the fabrication of various HSNs through organosiloxane-induced silica dissolution and redeposition.

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