Transition to turbulence in a periodically intermittent flow

Atsushi Nakano, Kazuo Tanishita, Sho Kikkawa, Takami Yamaguchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The blood flow in the ascending aorta comes to rest after the aortic valve closure until the next ejection phase starts, and the flow in the aortic arch is close to an intermittent flow rather than an oscillatory flow. In order to reveal the nature of turbulence in the aorta, the measurements of turbulence in the intermittent air flow in a straight tube were made by a hot-film anemometer. The periodically intermittent flow was generated by the piston connected with a step-rod. The resting period was varied in a range of between 0.3 and 10 sec, but the velocity wave patern of the piston was fixed. The turbulence intensity, skewness and kurtosis for the intermittent flow depend entirely on the resting period. For the resting period of 0.3 sec, the nature of turbulence resembles that of pure oscillatory flow. As the resting period becomes larger, a significant intermittence of turbulence appears in the longer range of phase. The turbulence in the intermittent flow with a relatively long resting period turns out to be close to that in the ascending aorta.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3707-3714
Number of pages8
JournalNippon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B
Volume57
Issue number543
Publication statusPublished - 1991 Nov

Fingerprint

Turbulence
turbulence
aorta
Pistons
pistons
hot-film anemometers
Anemometers
Arches
kurtosis
arches
skewness
air flow
blood flow
ejection
Blood
closures
rods
tubes
Air

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Transition to turbulence in a periodically intermittent flow. / Nakano, Atsushi; Tanishita, Kazuo; Kikkawa, Sho; Yamaguchi, Takami.

In: Nippon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B, Vol. 57, No. 543, 11.1991, p. 3707-3714.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nakano, Atsushi ; Tanishita, Kazuo ; Kikkawa, Sho ; Yamaguchi, Takami. / Transition to turbulence in a periodically intermittent flow. In: Nippon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B. 1991 ; Vol. 57, No. 543. pp. 3707-3714.
@article{9f8ff78762ad4b3da80e65b00179529c,
title = "Transition to turbulence in a periodically intermittent flow",
abstract = "The blood flow in the ascending aorta comes to rest after the aortic valve closure until the next ejection phase starts, and the flow in the aortic arch is close to an intermittent flow rather than an oscillatory flow. In order to reveal the nature of turbulence in the aorta, the measurements of turbulence in the intermittent air flow in a straight tube were made by a hot-film anemometer. The periodically intermittent flow was generated by the piston connected with a step-rod. The resting period was varied in a range of between 0.3 and 10 sec, but the velocity wave patern of the piston was fixed. The turbulence intensity, skewness and kurtosis for the intermittent flow depend entirely on the resting period. For the resting period of 0.3 sec, the nature of turbulence resembles that of pure oscillatory flow. As the resting period becomes larger, a significant intermittence of turbulence appears in the longer range of phase. The turbulence in the intermittent flow with a relatively long resting period turns out to be close to that in the ascending aorta.",
author = "Atsushi Nakano and Kazuo Tanishita and Sho Kikkawa and Takami Yamaguchi",
year = "1991",
month = "11",
language = "English",
volume = "57",
pages = "3707--3714",
journal = "Nihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B",
issn = "0387-5016",
publisher = "Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers",
number = "543",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Transition to turbulence in a periodically intermittent flow

AU - Nakano, Atsushi

AU - Tanishita, Kazuo

AU - Kikkawa, Sho

AU - Yamaguchi, Takami

PY - 1991/11

Y1 - 1991/11

N2 - The blood flow in the ascending aorta comes to rest after the aortic valve closure until the next ejection phase starts, and the flow in the aortic arch is close to an intermittent flow rather than an oscillatory flow. In order to reveal the nature of turbulence in the aorta, the measurements of turbulence in the intermittent air flow in a straight tube were made by a hot-film anemometer. The periodically intermittent flow was generated by the piston connected with a step-rod. The resting period was varied in a range of between 0.3 and 10 sec, but the velocity wave patern of the piston was fixed. The turbulence intensity, skewness and kurtosis for the intermittent flow depend entirely on the resting period. For the resting period of 0.3 sec, the nature of turbulence resembles that of pure oscillatory flow. As the resting period becomes larger, a significant intermittence of turbulence appears in the longer range of phase. The turbulence in the intermittent flow with a relatively long resting period turns out to be close to that in the ascending aorta.

AB - The blood flow in the ascending aorta comes to rest after the aortic valve closure until the next ejection phase starts, and the flow in the aortic arch is close to an intermittent flow rather than an oscillatory flow. In order to reveal the nature of turbulence in the aorta, the measurements of turbulence in the intermittent air flow in a straight tube were made by a hot-film anemometer. The periodically intermittent flow was generated by the piston connected with a step-rod. The resting period was varied in a range of between 0.3 and 10 sec, but the velocity wave patern of the piston was fixed. The turbulence intensity, skewness and kurtosis for the intermittent flow depend entirely on the resting period. For the resting period of 0.3 sec, the nature of turbulence resembles that of pure oscillatory flow. As the resting period becomes larger, a significant intermittence of turbulence appears in the longer range of phase. The turbulence in the intermittent flow with a relatively long resting period turns out to be close to that in the ascending aorta.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0026256649&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0026256649&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 57

SP - 3707

EP - 3714

JO - Nihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B

JF - Nihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B

SN - 0387-5016

IS - 543

ER -