The structure of amorphous and crystalline electroless Ni-Mo-B films was studied by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The amorphous film in as-deposited conditions was of a completely disordered state with few crystalline regions. This film crystallized by means of nucleation after 300°C annealing; the produced nuclei grew large after 500°C annealing. Two crystalline films in the as-deposited state, plated from 0.005 and 0.010 mol dm-3 Na2MoO4 concentration baths, showed different annealing behavior even though they had almost identical Ni and Mo composition. The former contained amorphous-like regions corresponding to an intermediate state between the amorphous and the crystalline. The latter film was so stable against annealing that the structure of small grains was maintained after 500°C annealing.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1: Regular Papers and Short Notes and Review Papers|
|Publication status||Published - 1989 May|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)