Triple-chromosome genetic algorithm for unrelated parallel machine scheduling under time-of-use tariffs

Bobby Kurniawan*, Widyaning Chandramitasari, Alfian Akbar Gozali, Wei Weng, Shigeru Fujimura

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Energy demand is increasing as the population and economy grow. Many countries have implemented time-of-use (TOU) tariffs to meet such demand so that the demand during peak periods could be reduced by shifting its usage from peak periods to off-peak periods. This paper addresses the unrelated parallel machine scheduling under TOU to minimize the sum of weighted makespan and electricity cost. Because the problem has nonregular performance measure, delaying the starting time of the job can produce a better solution. Hence, not only do we determine the job sequencing and the job assignment, but also we determine the starting time of the job. We propose a triple-chromosome genetic algorithm that represents the job sequencing, the job assignment and the optimal starting time of the job simultaneously. A self-adaptive algorithm is developed to determine the value of the third chromosome after crossover and mutation process. Numerical experiment and statistical analysis are conducted to show the appropriateness and efficacy of the proposed approach.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)208-217
Number of pages10
JournalIEEJ Transactions on Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Feb 1


  • genetic algorithm
  • self-adaptive
  • time-of-use electricity tariffs
  • triple-chromosome
  • unrelated parallel machine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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