Tube dynamics and low energy Earth–Moon transfers in the 4-body system

Kaori Onozaki, Hiroaki Yoshimura, Shane D. Ross

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    9 Citations (Scopus)


    In this paper, we show a low energy Earth–Moon transfer in the context of the Sun–Earth–Moon–spacecraft 4-body system. We consider the 4-body system as the coupled system of the Sun–Earth–spacecraft 3-body system perturbed by the Moon (which we call the Moon-perturbed system) and the Earth–Moon–spacecraft 3-body system perturbed by the Sun (which we call the Sun-perturbed system). In both perturbed systems, analogs of the stable and unstable manifolds are computed numerically by using the notion of Lagrangian coherent structures, wherein the stable and unstable manifolds play the role of separating orbits into transit and non-transit orbits. We obtain a family of non-transit orbits departing from a low Earth orbit in the Moon-perturbed system, and a family of transit orbits arriving into a low lunar orbit in the Sun-perturbed system. Finally, we show that we can construct a low energy transfer from the Earth to the Moon by choosing appropriate trajectories from both families and patching these trajectories with a maneuver.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2117-2132
    Number of pages16
    JournalAdvances in Space Research
    Issue number10
    Publication statusPublished - 2017 Nov 15


    • 4-body system
    • Astrodynamics
    • Lagrangian coherent structures
    • Low energy transfer
    • Perturbed system
    • Tube dynamics

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Aerospace Engineering
    • Space and Planetary Science

    Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Tube dynamics and low energy Earth–Moon transfers in the 4-body system'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this