Two-dimensional distribution of sodium polysulfide composition in sulfur electrodes of sodium-sulfur cells

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Distributions of the sodium polysulfide composition in the sulfur electrode of the soldium-sulfur cell and the current density in the cell are investigated using a two-dimensional and two-component (ionic and electronic) conduction model. The following points are clarified from the results of calculations and experiences. (i) The polarization of a vertically supported cell at the end of charge start partially from the upper surface of the solid electrolyte due to the gravitational drop of the sodium polysulfide melt, but the polarization at the end of discharge is axially almost uniform. (ii) A duel mat design of which a porous graphite mat has a high electric resistance adjacent to the electrolyte is preferable for improving the rechargeability. (iii) An oriented mat of which the radial resistivity is smaller than the axial resistivity is able to reduce the cell resistance. (iv) The larger the current density is, the larger the nonuniformity of the melt composition becomes, and the sulfur utilization is reduced by the high current density operation (v) Voids of the melt at the electrolyte surface accelerate the degradation of the solid electrolyte and reduce the sulfur utilization. (vi) Voids at the metal container side accelerate the corrosion of the metal container.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1851-1860
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Volume136
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1989 Jul
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

polysulfides
Polysulfides
Sulfur
sulfur
Sodium
sodium
Electrodes
Current density
electrodes
Solid electrolytes
solid electrolytes
current density
cells
Chemical analysis
containers
Electrolytes
Containers
voids
Metals
electrolytes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrochemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Surfaces and Interfaces

Cite this

@article{47c38e19d416400a8973d8f97cdfbc63,
title = "Two-dimensional distribution of sodium polysulfide composition in sulfur electrodes of sodium-sulfur cells",
abstract = "Distributions of the sodium polysulfide composition in the sulfur electrode of the soldium-sulfur cell and the current density in the cell are investigated using a two-dimensional and two-component (ionic and electronic) conduction model. The following points are clarified from the results of calculations and experiences. (i) The polarization of a vertically supported cell at the end of charge start partially from the upper surface of the solid electrolyte due to the gravitational drop of the sodium polysulfide melt, but the polarization at the end of discharge is axially almost uniform. (ii) A duel mat design of which a porous graphite mat has a high electric resistance adjacent to the electrolyte is preferable for improving the rechargeability. (iii) An oriented mat of which the radial resistivity is smaller than the axial resistivity is able to reduce the cell resistance. (iv) The larger the current density is, the larger the nonuniformity of the melt composition becomes, and the sulfur utilization is reduced by the high current density operation (v) Voids of the melt at the electrolyte surface accelerate the degradation of the solid electrolyte and reduce the sulfur utilization. (vi) Voids at the metal container side accelerate the corrosion of the metal container.",
author = "Hiroyuki Kawamoto",
year = "1989",
month = "7",
language = "English",
volume = "136",
pages = "1851--1860",
journal = "Journal of the Electrochemical Society",
issn = "0013-4651",
publisher = "Electrochemical Society, Inc.",
number = "7",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Two-dimensional distribution of sodium polysulfide composition in sulfur electrodes of sodium-sulfur cells

AU - Kawamoto, Hiroyuki

PY - 1989/7

Y1 - 1989/7

N2 - Distributions of the sodium polysulfide composition in the sulfur electrode of the soldium-sulfur cell and the current density in the cell are investigated using a two-dimensional and two-component (ionic and electronic) conduction model. The following points are clarified from the results of calculations and experiences. (i) The polarization of a vertically supported cell at the end of charge start partially from the upper surface of the solid electrolyte due to the gravitational drop of the sodium polysulfide melt, but the polarization at the end of discharge is axially almost uniform. (ii) A duel mat design of which a porous graphite mat has a high electric resistance adjacent to the electrolyte is preferable for improving the rechargeability. (iii) An oriented mat of which the radial resistivity is smaller than the axial resistivity is able to reduce the cell resistance. (iv) The larger the current density is, the larger the nonuniformity of the melt composition becomes, and the sulfur utilization is reduced by the high current density operation (v) Voids of the melt at the electrolyte surface accelerate the degradation of the solid electrolyte and reduce the sulfur utilization. (vi) Voids at the metal container side accelerate the corrosion of the metal container.

AB - Distributions of the sodium polysulfide composition in the sulfur electrode of the soldium-sulfur cell and the current density in the cell are investigated using a two-dimensional and two-component (ionic and electronic) conduction model. The following points are clarified from the results of calculations and experiences. (i) The polarization of a vertically supported cell at the end of charge start partially from the upper surface of the solid electrolyte due to the gravitational drop of the sodium polysulfide melt, but the polarization at the end of discharge is axially almost uniform. (ii) A duel mat design of which a porous graphite mat has a high electric resistance adjacent to the electrolyte is preferable for improving the rechargeability. (iii) An oriented mat of which the radial resistivity is smaller than the axial resistivity is able to reduce the cell resistance. (iv) The larger the current density is, the larger the nonuniformity of the melt composition becomes, and the sulfur utilization is reduced by the high current density operation (v) Voids of the melt at the electrolyte surface accelerate the degradation of the solid electrolyte and reduce the sulfur utilization. (vi) Voids at the metal container side accelerate the corrosion of the metal container.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0024700539&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0024700539&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 136

SP - 1851

EP - 1860

JO - Journal of the Electrochemical Society

JF - Journal of the Electrochemical Society

SN - 0013-4651

IS - 7

ER -