This paper presents a multi-objective genetic algorithm (moGA) to solve the U-shaped assembly line balancing problem (UALBP). As a consequence of introducing the just-in-time (JIT) production principle, it has been recognized that U-shaped assembly line systems offer several benefits over the traditional straight line systems. We consider both the traditional straight line system and the U-shaped assembly line system, thus as an unbiased examination of line efficiency. The performance criteria considered are the number of workstations (the line efficiency) and the variation of workload. The results of experiments show that the proposed model produced as good or even better line efficiency of workstation integration and improved the variation of workload.
- Multi-objective genetic algorithm
- Priority-based coding
- U-shaped assembly line
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
- Management Science and Operations Research