Understanding the differences in obesity among working adults between Taiwan and China

Satoru Shimokawa, Hung Hao Chang, Per Pinstrup-Andersen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the difference in the prevalence of obesity and the associations between the risk of obesity and socioeconomic factors with regard to working adults in China and Taiwan. Data: the 2000 China Health and Nutrition Survey and the 2001 National Health Interview Survey in Taiwan, which contains information from 20-60-year-old working adults in China (3,067 men and 2,998 women) and Taiwan (6,475 men and 6,341 women). Method: Variables were converted to cross-economy comparable forms, and the estimated prevalence of obesity across socioeconomic groups was compared between China and Taiwan. Probit models were used to examine the associations between socioeconomic factors and the probability of being obese. Results: In China, the prevalence of obesity was higher in the higher income, more educated, and more sedentary occupation groups, while it was higher in the lower income and less educated groups in Taiwan. Also, our results indicate that occupational types rather than income and education levels are more significantly associated with the probability of being obese in China, whereas income and education levels rather than occupational types are more significantly associated with the probability of being obese in Taiwan. These findings may indicate that, when an economy becomes more developed, the association between obesity risk and income and education levels becomes more significant and negative especially among women, while the association between obesity risk and occupational types decreases especially among men.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)88-95
Number of pages8
JournalAsia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume18
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Mar
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Taiwan
China
Obesity
Health Surveys
Education
Nutrition Surveys
Occupations
Interviews

Keywords

  • Adults
  • China
  • Obesity
  • Socioeconomic factors
  • Taiwan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Understanding the differences in obesity among working adults between Taiwan and China. / Shimokawa, Satoru; Chang, Hung Hao; Pinstrup-Andersen, Per.

In: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 18, No. 1, 03.2009, p. 88-95.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{ea0f59c8c22341ea8fdb7e5ef98adc10,
title = "Understanding the differences in obesity among working adults between Taiwan and China",
abstract = "Objective: To investigate the difference in the prevalence of obesity and the associations between the risk of obesity and socioeconomic factors with regard to working adults in China and Taiwan. Data: the 2000 China Health and Nutrition Survey and the 2001 National Health Interview Survey in Taiwan, which contains information from 20-60-year-old working adults in China (3,067 men and 2,998 women) and Taiwan (6,475 men and 6,341 women). Method: Variables were converted to cross-economy comparable forms, and the estimated prevalence of obesity across socioeconomic groups was compared between China and Taiwan. Probit models were used to examine the associations between socioeconomic factors and the probability of being obese. Results: In China, the prevalence of obesity was higher in the higher income, more educated, and more sedentary occupation groups, while it was higher in the lower income and less educated groups in Taiwan. Also, our results indicate that occupational types rather than income and education levels are more significantly associated with the probability of being obese in China, whereas income and education levels rather than occupational types are more significantly associated with the probability of being obese in Taiwan. These findings may indicate that, when an economy becomes more developed, the association between obesity risk and income and education levels becomes more significant and negative especially among women, while the association between obesity risk and occupational types decreases especially among men.",
keywords = "Adults, China, Obesity, Socioeconomic factors, Taiwan",
author = "Satoru Shimokawa and Chang, {Hung Hao} and Per Pinstrup-Andersen",
year = "2009",
month = "3",
language = "English",
volume = "18",
pages = "88--95",
journal = "Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition",
issn = "0964-7058",
publisher = "HEC Press",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Understanding the differences in obesity among working adults between Taiwan and China

AU - Shimokawa, Satoru

AU - Chang, Hung Hao

AU - Pinstrup-Andersen, Per

PY - 2009/3

Y1 - 2009/3

N2 - Objective: To investigate the difference in the prevalence of obesity and the associations between the risk of obesity and socioeconomic factors with regard to working adults in China and Taiwan. Data: the 2000 China Health and Nutrition Survey and the 2001 National Health Interview Survey in Taiwan, which contains information from 20-60-year-old working adults in China (3,067 men and 2,998 women) and Taiwan (6,475 men and 6,341 women). Method: Variables were converted to cross-economy comparable forms, and the estimated prevalence of obesity across socioeconomic groups was compared between China and Taiwan. Probit models were used to examine the associations between socioeconomic factors and the probability of being obese. Results: In China, the prevalence of obesity was higher in the higher income, more educated, and more sedentary occupation groups, while it was higher in the lower income and less educated groups in Taiwan. Also, our results indicate that occupational types rather than income and education levels are more significantly associated with the probability of being obese in China, whereas income and education levels rather than occupational types are more significantly associated with the probability of being obese in Taiwan. These findings may indicate that, when an economy becomes more developed, the association between obesity risk and income and education levels becomes more significant and negative especially among women, while the association between obesity risk and occupational types decreases especially among men.

AB - Objective: To investigate the difference in the prevalence of obesity and the associations between the risk of obesity and socioeconomic factors with regard to working adults in China and Taiwan. Data: the 2000 China Health and Nutrition Survey and the 2001 National Health Interview Survey in Taiwan, which contains information from 20-60-year-old working adults in China (3,067 men and 2,998 women) and Taiwan (6,475 men and 6,341 women). Method: Variables were converted to cross-economy comparable forms, and the estimated prevalence of obesity across socioeconomic groups was compared between China and Taiwan. Probit models were used to examine the associations between socioeconomic factors and the probability of being obese. Results: In China, the prevalence of obesity was higher in the higher income, more educated, and more sedentary occupation groups, while it was higher in the lower income and less educated groups in Taiwan. Also, our results indicate that occupational types rather than income and education levels are more significantly associated with the probability of being obese in China, whereas income and education levels rather than occupational types are more significantly associated with the probability of being obese in Taiwan. These findings may indicate that, when an economy becomes more developed, the association between obesity risk and income and education levels becomes more significant and negative especially among women, while the association between obesity risk and occupational types decreases especially among men.

KW - Adults

KW - China

KW - Obesity

KW - Socioeconomic factors

KW - Taiwan

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=67649998631&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=67649998631&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 19329401

AN - SCOPUS:67649998631

VL - 18

SP - 88

EP - 95

JO - Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition

JF - Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition

SN - 0964-7058

IS - 1

ER -