Unidirectional cooperative binding of fimbrin actin-binding domain 2 to actin filament

Naoki Hosokawa, Masahiro Kuragano, Atsuki Yoshino, Keitaro Shibata, Taro Q.P. Uyeda, Kiyotaka Tokuraku*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Fimbrin forms bundles of parallel actin filaments in filopodia, but it remains unclear how fimbrin forms well-ordered bundles. To address this issue, we focused on the cooperative interaction between the actin-binding domain of fimbrin and actin filaments. First, we loosely immobilized actin filaments on a glass surface via a positively charged lipid layer and observed the binding of GFP-fused actin-binding domain 2 of fimbrin using fluorescence microscopy. The actin-binding domain formed low-density clusters with unidirectional growth along actin filaments. When the actin filaments were tightly immobilized to the surface by increasing the charge density of the lipid layer, cluster formation was suppressed. This result suggests that the propagation of cooperative structural changes of actin filaments evoked by binding of the actin-binding domain was suppressed by a strong physical interaction with the glass surface. Interestingly, binding of the fimbrin actin-binding domain shortened the length of loosely immobilized actin filaments. Based on these results, we propose that fimbrin-actin interactions accompanied by unidirectional long-range allostery help the formation of well-ordered parallel actin filament bundles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-65
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume552
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 May 7

Keywords

  • Actin-binding protein
  • CH domain
  • Cooperatively
  • Cytoskeleton
  • Filopodia
  • Long-range allostery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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