Unsteady three-dimensional computations and experiments of compression flow formed by collision of supermulti-jets

Kohta Tsuru, Remi Konagaya, Sota Kawaguchi, Ken Naitoh

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    1 Citation (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The single-point compression principle, based on the collision of pulsed supermulti-jets, which is proposed in our previous reports, has the potential of obtaining both a high compression ratio and relatively low combustion noise, leading to a lower exhaust gas temperature, i.e., high thermal efficiency for the next generation of engines. The supermulti-jets also enclose high-temperature combustion gas around the chamber center, which means less heat loss to the chamber wall, i.e., higher thermal efficiency due to the air-insulation effect. Here, experimental and computational visualizations around the compression point should be examined in order to confirm the occurrence of single-point compression. Thus, in the present paper, we present experimental Schlieren photographs of flows formed by the collision of supermulti-jets without combustion and the results of unsteady three-dimensional computations conducted with the compressible Navier-Stokes equations, while the Cubic Interpolated pseudo-Particle (CIP) and Combined Unified Procedure (CUP) method is employed as numerical algorithm. Comparison of the experimental and computational results show fairly good agreement in time and space. Schlieren photographs and computational visualizations obtained for various conditions of four-, eight-, and sixteen- nozzles of jets are axial symmetrical, which will indicate the single-point compression based on the collision of supermulti-jets. Computations for asymmetrical distribution of seven nozzles also bring results showing nearly symmetric flow.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number17-00367
    JournalJournal of Thermal Science and Technology
    Volume13
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1

    Fingerprint

    collisions
    thermodynamic efficiency
    photographs
    Experiments
    nozzles
    Nozzles
    Visualization
    chambers
    exhaust gases
    compression ratio
    Exhaust gases
    gas temperature
    Heat losses
    Acoustic noise
    insulation
    Navier-Stokes equation
    Navier Stokes equations
    engines
    Insulation
    Gases

    Keywords

    • Computation
    • Engine
    • Point compression
    • Schlieren photography
    • Shock tube
    • Supermulti-jets

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
    • Materials Science(all)
    • Instrumentation
    • Engineering (miscellaneous)

    Cite this

    Unsteady three-dimensional computations and experiments of compression flow formed by collision of supermulti-jets. / Tsuru, Kohta; Konagaya, Remi; Kawaguchi, Sota; Naitoh, Ken.

    In: Journal of Thermal Science and Technology, Vol. 13, No. 1, 17-00367, 01.01.2018.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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