Unusual energy balance between atoms in postperovskite MgSiO3

Hiroshi Hirate, Hiroshi Sawai, Yuki Saito, Hiroshi Yukawa, Masahiko Morinaga, Hiromi Nakai

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    1 Citation (Scopus)

    Abstract

    To understand the phase transition from perovskite to postperovskite MgSiO3, total energy is partitioned into atomic energy densities of constituent elements in the oxide, using the energy density analysis. The atomization energies, δEMg for Mg atom, δESi for Si atom, and δEO for O atom, are then evaluated by subtracting the atomic energy density from the energy of the isolated neutral atom,Mg, Si, and O, respectively. It is found that δESi and δEMg are much larger than δEO in the perovskite phase, but δEO is much larger than δE Si and δEMg in the postperovskite phase. This means that most of the energies partitioned into Mg and Si atoms in the perovskite phase transfer to the O atoms in the postperovskite phase during the transition. Such an extremely stable O-atom state is formed by the introduction of edge-shared SiO6 octahedra into the postperovskite structure. This is because the edge-sharing makes the Si-O interatomic distances longer even in very high pressure conditions. The unusual energy balance between atoms is also seen in the other postperovskite, MgGeO3 and NaMgF3.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)3449-3454
    Number of pages6
    JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
    Volume93
    Issue number10
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2010 Oct

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    Energy balance
    Atoms
    Perovskite
    Nuclear energy
    Atomization
    Oxides
    Phase transitions
    perovskite

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Ceramics and Composites
    • Materials Chemistry

    Cite this

    Unusual energy balance between atoms in postperovskite MgSiO3 . / Hirate, Hiroshi; Sawai, Hiroshi; Saito, Yuki; Yukawa, Hiroshi; Morinaga, Masahiko; Nakai, Hiromi.

    In: Journal of the American Ceramic Society, Vol. 93, No. 10, 10.2010, p. 3449-3454.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Hirate, Hiroshi ; Sawai, Hiroshi ; Saito, Yuki ; Yukawa, Hiroshi ; Morinaga, Masahiko ; Nakai, Hiromi. / Unusual energy balance between atoms in postperovskite MgSiO3 In: Journal of the American Ceramic Society. 2010 ; Vol. 93, No. 10. pp. 3449-3454.
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    AU - Hirate, Hiroshi

    AU - Sawai, Hiroshi

    AU - Saito, Yuki

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    AU - Morinaga, Masahiko

    AU - Nakai, Hiromi

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