Melting the ingot or alloy using a CaO crucible is a method known to substantially improve the oxidation resistance of superalloys. But the mechanism is unclear due to the lack of investigation on the inclusions that supposedly prevent S segregation at the oxide/substrate interface, which suppress oxide spallation. To clarify the reaction during the melting process, simplified binary Ni-9.8 wt pct Al single-crystal alloys were cast via melting in both an Al2O3 crucible and a CaO crucible. Cyclic oxidation tests were done on both samples at 1100 °C to compare the oxidation resistance between these samples. Samples were also oxidized at 1100 °C only for 1 hour to investigate the inclusions found within the substrate melted in a CaO crucible using aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscope with energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (STEM-EDS). Crystalline CaS and MgAl2O4 inclusions were found near the sub-grain boundary of the sample. This finding proved that the Ca from the CaO crucible reacts with S in the melt to form CaS, preventing S from segregating at the oxide/substrate interface.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science|
|Publication status||Published - 2022 Jul|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Metals and Alloys