Use of organic copolymers as compatibilizers for organic-inorganic composites

Christine J.T. Landry, Bradley K. Coltrain, David M. Teegarden, Timothy Edward Long, Victoria K. Long

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

53 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Random, block, and graft copolymers of polystyrene and poly(4-vinylphenol) were studied as compatibilizers for organic-inorganic composite (OIC) materials. The concept is to use these polymers to reduce the interfacial tension in incompatible OIC materials. This should reduce the particle size of the dispersed inorganic phase and improve adhesion between the components, resulting in better optical and mechanical properties. Dynamic mechanical and ultimate physical properties, as well as transmission electron micrographs, are provided as evidence for the compatibilization of polystyrene and titania produced in situ. These results clearly show that the domain size of the dispersed phase can be reduced and the mechanical properties improved with compatibilizers. Perhaps surprisingly, poly(4-vinylphenol) homopolymer was also found to be an effective compatibilizer in polystyrene-titania composites. An alternate compatibilization mechanism is proposed for the homopolymer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4712-4721
Number of pages10
JournalMacromolecules
Volume29
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1996 Jun 17
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Compatibilizers
Copolymers
Polystyrenes
Composite materials
Homopolymerization
Titanium
Mechanical properties
Graft copolymers
Block copolymers
Surface tension
Polymers
Adhesion
Optical properties
Physical properties
Particle size
Electrons
titanium dioxide
poly(4-vinylphenol)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Landry, C. J. T., Coltrain, B. K., Teegarden, D. M., Long, T. E., & Long, V. K. (1996). Use of organic copolymers as compatibilizers for organic-inorganic composites. Macromolecules, 29(13), 4712-4721. https://doi.org/10.1021/ma951258q

Use of organic copolymers as compatibilizers for organic-inorganic composites. / Landry, Christine J.T.; Coltrain, Bradley K.; Teegarden, David M.; Long, Timothy Edward; Long, Victoria K.

In: Macromolecules, Vol. 29, No. 13, 17.06.1996, p. 4712-4721.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Landry, CJT, Coltrain, BK, Teegarden, DM, Long, TE & Long, VK 1996, 'Use of organic copolymers as compatibilizers for organic-inorganic composites', Macromolecules, vol. 29, no. 13, pp. 4712-4721. https://doi.org/10.1021/ma951258q
Landry CJT, Coltrain BK, Teegarden DM, Long TE, Long VK. Use of organic copolymers as compatibilizers for organic-inorganic composites. Macromolecules. 1996 Jun 17;29(13):4712-4721. https://doi.org/10.1021/ma951258q
Landry, Christine J.T. ; Coltrain, Bradley K. ; Teegarden, David M. ; Long, Timothy Edward ; Long, Victoria K. / Use of organic copolymers as compatibilizers for organic-inorganic composites. In: Macromolecules. 1996 ; Vol. 29, No. 13. pp. 4712-4721.
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