Validity and reliability of the Japanese version of the Temperament and Character Inventory: A study of university and college students

Mika Takeuchi, Hitoshi Miyaoka, Atsuko Tomoda, Masao Suzuki, Xi Lu, Toshinori Kitamura

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    21 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Objective: The Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) is a widely used self-report measure of adult personality. Method: We studied 586 Japanese university and college students with the 125-item version of the Japanese TCI. Results: The factor structure of the TCI scales was similar to that reported in other languages. Depression was positively correlated with Novelty Seeking and Harm Avoidance but inversely correlated with Persistence, Self-Directedness, and Cooperativeness. Good Self-Image in the framework of adult attachment was correlated positively with Self-Directedness but inversely with Harm Avoidance and Reward Dependence. Good Other-Image in the framework of adult attachment was positively correlated with Reward Dependence and Cooperativeness. The scores of the TCI scales were stable over a time span of 1.5 to 2 months. Conclusion: The Japanese version of the TCI may be a valid and reliable measure of temperament and character, at least among the adolescent and young adult population.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)109-117
    Number of pages9
    JournalComprehensive Psychiatry
    Volume52
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2011 Jan

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Psychiatry and Mental health
    • Clinical Psychology

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